Introduction

Thank you for looking at the website of the former Department Mittemeijer of the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems in Stuttgart! The department existed from January 1998 till October 2016, i.e. till the retirement of its leader: Prof. Dr. Ir. Eric J. Mittemeijer, Director at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems (formerly Max Planck Institute for Metals Research).  During the same time Prof. Mittemeijer was Chair Holder (Materials Science) at the Institute for Materials Science of the University of Stuttgart and was for many years Dean of the Study Course Materials Science at this university.

The department carried the name “Phase Transformations; Thermodynamics and Kinetics”, which indicates its area of research, and had a size of about 50 persons of the most diverse nationalities (Master students, Ph.D. students, visiting scientists, post-docs and staff scientists, supported by a number of technicians), working in the field of Physical Metallurgy.

The Max Planck Society promotes long term, fundamental research in its Institutes, which are recognized Centres of Excellence, and is able to attract the highest quality scientists because of the stable financial basis and exciting scientific environment it provides.

The department's specific research field was Phase Transformations in solid materials. On the basis of cutting-edge experiments we strived for developing models of phase transformations in bulk and nanomaterials (thin films). These models should not only provide fundamental insight into nature, but also be applicable in practice in order to optimize material properties by controlling the material microstructure. The department excelled (was world leader) in the application of X-ray diffraction (XRD) methods, surface analytical methods (Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and ellipsometry), and calorimetric and dilatometric methods. Also computer simulations of diffusion and phase transformations were an indispensable tool in our work.

The department constituted a conjunction with the Institute for Materials Science of the University of Stuttgart (see above).

The department included the ZWE (= Zentrale Wissenschaftliche Einrichtung = central scientific facility) X-ray diffraction: CSFX. The main analytical techniques which were controlled and further developed by the department are:

  • X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), including dedicated diffractometers for handling specific measurements tasks as stress, texture or in-situ (temperature-dependent; temperature range: -100°C - 2200°C) diffraction measurements.
  • Surface analysis, including Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), angle-resolved X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (AR-XPS), real-time in-situ spectroscopic ellipsometry (RISE) and low energy electron diffraction (LEED).
  • Calorimetry and dilatometry, including a high-resolution dilatometer and a deformation/quenching dilatometer.

The remaining pages of this website, as those describing the “Scientific Mission” and the “Research Areas”, have not been changed after the retirement of Mittemeijer, as they do give a good impression of the activities of the now closed department.

Prof. Dr. Ir. Eric J. Mittemeijer

Retired Director at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems
and
Professor Emeritus, Institute for Materials Science, University of Stuttgart

 
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