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2002


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The initial stages of oxidation of γ-TiAl: an X-ray photoelectron study

Schmiedgen, M., Graat, P. C. J., Baretzky, B., Mittemeijer, E. J.

{Thin Solid Films}, 415(1-2):114-122, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

2002


[BibTex]


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Morphology and thermal stability of metal contacts on crystalline organic thin films

Dürr, A. C., Schreiber, F., Kelsch, M., Carstanjen, H. D., Dosch, H.

{Advanced Materials}, 14(13-14):961-963, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Magnetic anisotropy of textured CrO2 thin films investigated by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Goering, E., Justen, M., Geissler, J., Rüdiger, U., Rabe, M., Güntherodt, G., Schütz, G.

{Applied Physics A-Materials Science \& Processing}, 74(6):747-753, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Identification of nanocrystal nucleation and growth in Al85Ni5Y8CO2 metallic glass with quenched-in nuclei

Wang, J. Q., Zhang, H. W., Gu, X. J., Lu, K., Sommer, F., Mittemeijer, E. J.

{Applied Physics Letters}, 80(18):3319-3321, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Master equations for the concentrations of atomic defects in B2 compounds

Meyer, B., Fähnle, M.

{Physica Status Solidi B-Basic Research}, 229(3):1139-1143, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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On the electronic structure of the pure and oxygen covered Ru(0001) surface

Bester, G., Fähnle, M.

{Surface Science}, 497(1-3):305-310, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Atomic defects and diffusion in intermetallic compounds: The impact of the ab initio electron theory

Fähnle, M.

{Diffusion and Defect Forum}, 203-205, pages: 37-46, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Switching behavior of single nanowires inside dense nickel nanowire arrays

Nielsch, K., Hertel, R., Wehrspohn, R. B., Barthel, J., Kirschner, J., Gösele, U., Fischer, S. F., Kronmüller, H.

{IEEE Transactions on Magnetics}, 38(5):2571-2573, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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On the magnetoelastic contribution to the magnetic anisotropy of thin epitaxial Permalloy films: an ab initio study

Komelj, M., Fähnle, M.

{Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials}, 238(2-3):L125-L128, 2002 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Nanostructured graphite-hydrogen systems prepared by mechanical milling method

Orimo, S. I., Matsushima, T., Fujii, H., Fukunaga, T., Majer, G., Zuttel, A., Schlapbach, L.

{Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals}, 386, pages: 173-178, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Micromagnetic analysis of pinning-hardened nanostructured, nanocrystalline Sm2Co17 based alloys

Kronmüller, H., Goll, D.

{Scripta Materialia}, 47, pages: 545-550, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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A micromechanical flying insect thorax

Fearing, R., Avadhanula, S., Campolo, D., Sitti, M., Yan, J., Wood, R.

Neurotechnology for Biomimetic Robots, pages: 469-480, The MIT Press Cambridge, MA, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Study of magnetic domains by magnetic soft x-ray transmission microscopy

Fischer, P., Denbeaux, G., Ono, T., Okuno, T., Eimüller, T., Goll, D., Schütz, G.

{Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics}, 35(19):2391-2397, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Ion beam-induced sintering of near-surface layers

Föhl, A., Carstanjen, H. D.

{Surface \& Coatings Technology}, 158, pages: 69-74, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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High density hexagonal nickel nanowire array

Nielsch, K., Wehrspohn, R. B., Barthel, J., Kirschner, J., Fischer, S. F., Kronmüller, H., Schweinbock, T., Weiss, D., Gösele, U.

{Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials}, 249(1-2):234-240, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Strong anisotropy of projected 3d moments in epitaxial CrO2 films

Goering, E., Bayer, A., Gold, S., Schütz, G., Rabe, M., Rüdiger, U., Güntherodt, G.

{Physical Review Letters}, 88(20), 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Density-functional study of Fe3Al: LSDA versus GGA

Lechermann, F., Welsch, F., Elsässer, C., Ederer, C., Fähnle, M., Sanchez, J. M., Meyer, B.

{Physical Review B}, 65(13), 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Critical magnetic properties of disordered polycrystalline Cr75Fe25 and Cr70Fe30 alloys

Fischer, S. F., Kaul, S. N., Kronmüller, H.

{Physical Review B}, 65(6), 2002 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Magnetic properties of ion-beam sputtered Cr3Fe-alloy films

Fischer, S. F., Kaul, S. N., Kronmüller, H.

{Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials}, 240(1-3):374-376, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Model-independent measurements of hydrogen diffusivity in the yttrium dihydrides

Majer, G., Gottwald, J., Peterson, D. T., Barnes, R. G.

{Journal of Alloys and Compounds}, 330-332, pages: 438-442, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Strong anisotropy of projected Cr3d moments of epitaxial grown CrO2-films

Goering, E., Bayer, A., Gold, S., Schütz, G.

{Bessy-Highlights}, pages: 26-27, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Change from a bulk discontinuous phase transition in V2H to a contiuous transition in a defective near-surface skin layer

Trenkler, J., Abe, H., Wochner, P., Haeffner, D., Bail, J., Carstanjen, H. D., Moss, S.

{Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering}, 8, pages: 269-275, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Hydrogen Storage in Nanostructured Carbon Materials at Room Temperature

Chen, X., Dettlaff-Weglikowska, U., Haluska, M., Hirscher, M., Becher, M., Roth, S.

In Structural and Electronic Properties of Molecular Nanostructures, pages: 597-600, AIP Conference Proceedings, AIP, Kirchberg, Tirol [Austria], 2002 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Movement imitation with nonlinear dynamical systems in humanoid robots

Ijspeert, J. A., Nakanishi, J., Schaal, S.

In International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA2002), Washinton, May 11-15 2002, 2002, clmc (inproceedings)

Abstract
Locally weighted learning (LWL) is a class of statistical learning techniques that provides useful representations and training algorithms for learning about complex phenomena during autonomous adaptive control of robotic systems. This paper introduces several LWL algorithms that have been tested successfully in real-time learning of complex robot tasks. We discuss two major classes of LWL, memory-based LWL and purely incremental LWL that does not need to remember any data explicitly. In contrast to the traditional beliefs that LWL methods cannot work well in high-dimensional spaces, we provide new algorithms that have been tested in up to 50 dimensional learning problems. The applicability of our LWL algorithms is demonstrated in various robot learning examples, including the learning of devil-sticking, pole-balancing of a humanoid robot arm, and inverse-dynamics learning for a seven degree-of-freedom robot.

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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A locally weighted learning composite adaptive controller with structure adaptation

Nakanishi, J., Farrell, J. A., Schaal, S.

In IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2002), Lausanne, Sept.30-Oct.4 2002, 2002, clmc (inproceedings)

Abstract
This paper introduces a provably stable adaptive learning controller which employs nonlinear function approximation with automatic growth of the learning network according to the nonlinearities and the working domain of the control system. The unknown function in the dynamical system is approximated by piecewise linear models using a nonparametric regression technique. Local models are allocated as necessary and their parameters are optimized on-line. Inspired by composite adaptive control methods, the pro-posed learning adaptive control algorithm uses both the tracking error and the estimation error to up-date the parameters. We provide Lyapunov analyses that demonstrate the stability properties of the learning controller. Numerical simulations illustrate rapid convergence of the tracking error and the automatic structure adaptation capability of the function approximator. This paper introduces a provably stable adaptive learning controller which employs nonlinear function approximation with automatic growth of the learning network according to the nonlinearities and the working domain of the control system. The unknown function in the dynamical system is approximated by piecewise linear models using a nonparametric regression technique. Local models are allocated as necessary and their parameters are optimized on-line. Inspired by composite adaptive control methods, the pro-posed learning adaptive control algorithm uses both the tracking error and the estimation error to up-date the parameters. We provide Lyapunov analyses that demonstrate the stability properties of the learning controller. Numerical simulations illustrate rapid convergence of the tracking error and the automatic structure adaptation capability of the function approximator

am

link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Nanomolding based fabrication of synthetic gecko foot-hairs

Sitti, M., Fearing, R. S.

In Nanotechnology, 2002. IEEE-NANO 2002. Proceedings of the 2002 2nd IEEE Conference on, pages: 137-140, 2002 (inproceedings)

pi

Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


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Evidence for van der Waals adhesion in gecko setae

Autumn, K., Sitti, M., Liang, Y. A., Peattie, A. M., Hansen, W. R., Sponberg, S., Kenny, T. W., Fearing, R., Israelachvili, J. N., Full, R. J.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 99(19):12252-12256, National Acad Sciences, 2002 (article)

pi

Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


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Vacancies in thermal equilibrium and ferromagnetism near the Curie temperature

Seeger, A., Fähnle, M.

{Zeitschrift f\"ur Metallkunde}, 93(10):1030-1042, 2002 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Magnetic imaging with soft X-ray microscopy

Fischer, P., Denbeaux, G., Eimüller, T., Goll, D., Schütz, G.

{IEEE Transactions on Magnetics}, 38(5):2427-2431, 2002 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Theory of induced magnetic moments and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism in Co-Pt multilayers

Ederer, C., Komelj, M., Fähnle, M., Schütz, G.

{Physical Review B}, 66(9), 2002 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Determination of the complete set of second-order magnetoelastic coupling constants on epitaxial films

Komelj, M., Fähnle, M.

{Physical Review B}, 65(21), 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Undulation instabilities in laterally structured magnetic multilayers

Eimüller, T., Scholz, M., Guttmann, P., Köhler, M., Bayreuther, G., Schmahl, G., Fischer, P., Schütz, G.

{Journal of Applied Physics}, 91(10):7334-7336, 2002 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Initial oxidation of AlPdMn quasicrystals - A study by high-resolution RBS and ERDA

Plachke, D., Khellaf, A., Carstanjen, H. D.

{Nuclear Instruments \& Methods in Physics Research B}, 190, pages: 646-651, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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The Verwey transition - a topical review

Walz, F.

{Journal of Physics-Condensed Matter}, 14(12):R285-R340, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Composition dependence of the Zener relaxation in high-purity FeCr single crystals

Hirscher, M., Ege, M.

{Materials \textquotesingleTransactions JIM}, 43(2):182-185, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Hydrogen storage in carbon nanostructures

Hirscher, M., Becher, M., Haluska, M., Quintel, A., Skakalova, V., Choi, Y. M., Dettlaff-Weglikowska, U., Roth, S., Stepanek, I., Bernier, P., Leonhardt, A., Fink, J.

{Journal of Alloys and Compounds}, 330, pages: 654-658, 2002 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Micromagnetism and the microstructure of the cell walls in Sm2Co17 based permanent magnets

Goll, D., Hadjipanayis, G. C., Kronmüller, H.

In Proceedings of the 17th International Workshop on Rare-Earth Magnets and their Applications, pages: 696-703, Rinton Press, Newark, Delaware, USA, 2002 (inproceedings)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Micromagnetic investigation of sub-100-nm magnetic domains in atomically stacked Fe(001)/Au(001) multilayers

Köhler, M., Zweck, J., Bayreuther, G., Fischer, P., Schütz, G., Denbeaux, G., Attwood, D.

{Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials}, 240, pages: 79-82, 2002 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Experimental Study of a Crystal Positron Source

Chehab, R., Cizeron, R., Sylvia, C., Baier, V., Beloborodov, K., Bukin, A., Burdin, S., Dimova, T., Drozdetsky, A., Druzhinin, V., Dubrovin, M., Golubev, V., Serednyakov, S., Shary, V., Strakhovenko, V., Artru, X., Chevallier, M., Dauvergne, D., Kirsch, R., Lautesse, P., Poizat, J. C., Remillieux, J., Jejcic, A., Keppler, P., Major, J., Gatignon, L., Bochek, G., Kulibaba, V., Maslov, N., Bogdanov, A., Potylitsin, A., Vnukov, I.

{Physics Letters B}, 525, pages: 41-48, 2002 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Ab-initio study of the influence of epitaxial strain on magnetoelastic properties

Komelj, M., Fähnle, M.

In Atomistic Aspects of Epitaxial Growth, pages: 439-447, NATO Science series: Series 2, Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dassia, Corfu [Greece], 2002 (inproceedings)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]

1999


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Engineering Support Vector Machine Kernels That Recognize Translation Initiation Sites in DNA

Zien, A., Rätsch, G., Mika, S., Schölkopf, B., Lemmen, C., Smola, A., Lengauer, T., Müller, K.

In German Conference on Bioinformatics (GCB 1999), October 1999 (inproceedings)

Abstract
In order to extract protein sequences from nucleotide sequences, it is an important step to recognize points from which regions encoding pro­ teins start, the so­called translation initiation sites (TIS). This can be modeled as a classification prob­ lem. We demonstrate the power of support vector machines (SVMs) for this task, and show how to suc­ cessfully incorporate biological prior knowledge by engineering an appropriate kernel function.

ei

Web [BibTex]

1999


Web [BibTex]


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Lernen mit Kernen: Support-Vektor-Methoden zur Analyse hochdimensionaler Daten

Schölkopf, B., Müller, K., Smola, A.

Informatik - Forschung und Entwicklung, 14(3):154-163, September 1999 (article)

Abstract
We describe recent developments and results of statistical learning theory. In the framework of learning from examples, two factors control generalization ability: explaining the training data by a learning machine of a suitable complexity. We describe kernel algorithms in feature spaces as elegant and efficient methods of realizing such machines. Examples thereof are Support Vector Machines (SVM) and Kernel PCA (Principal Component Analysis). More important than any individual example of a kernel algorithm, however, is the insight that any algorithm that can be cast in terms of dot products can be generalized to a nonlinear setting using kernels. Finally, we illustrate the significance of kernel algorithms by briefly describing industrial and academic applications, including ones where we obtained benchmark record results.

ei

PDF PDF DOI [BibTex]

PDF PDF DOI [BibTex]


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Input space versus feature space in kernel-based methods

Schölkopf, B., Mika, S., Burges, C., Knirsch, P., Müller, K., Rätsch, G., Smola, A.

IEEE Transactions On Neural Networks, 10(5):1000-1017, September 1999 (article)

Abstract
This paper collects some ideas targeted at advancing our understanding of the feature spaces associated with support vector (SV) kernel functions. We first discuss the geometry of feature space. In particular, we review what is known about the shape of the image of input space under the feature space map, and how this influences the capacity of SV methods. Following this, we describe how the metric governing the intrinsic geometry of the mapped surface can be computed in terms of the kernel, using the example of the class of inhomogeneous polynomial kernels, which are often used in SV pattern recognition. We then discuss the connection between feature space and input space by dealing with the question of how one can, given some vector in feature space, find a preimage (exact or approximate) in input space. We describe algorithms to tackle this issue, and show their utility in two applications of kernel methods. First, we use it to reduce the computational complexity of SV decision functions; second, we combine it with the kernel PCA algorithm, thereby constructing a nonlinear statistical denoising technique which is shown to perform well on real-world data.

ei

Web DOI [BibTex]

Web DOI [BibTex]


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Edges as outliers: Anisotropic smoothing using local image statistics

Black, M. J., Sapiro, G.

In Scale-Space Theories in Computer Vision, Second Int. Conf., Scale-Space ’99, pages: 259-270, LNCS 1682, Springer, Corfu, Greece, September 1999 (inproceedings)

Abstract
Edges are viewed as statistical outliers with respect to local image gradient magnitudes. Within local image regions we compute a robust statistical measure of the gradient variation and use this in an anisotropic diffusion framework to determine a spatially varying "edge-stopping" parameter σ. We show how to determine this parameter for two edge-stopping functions described in the literature (Perona-Malik and the Tukey biweight). Smoothing of the image is related the local texture and in regions of low texture, small gradient values may be treated as edges whereas in regions of high texture, large gradient magnitudes are necessary before an edge is preserved. Intuitively these results have similarities with human perceptual phenomena such as masking and "popout". Results are shown on a variety of standard images.

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pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


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Probabilistic detection and tracking of motion discontinuities

(Marr Prize, Honorable Mention)

Black, M. J., Fleet, D. J.

In Int. Conf. on Computer Vision, ICCV-99, pages: 551-558, ICCV, Corfu, Greece, September 1999 (inproceedings)

ps

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


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p73 and p63 are homotetramers capable of weak heterotypic interactions with each other but not with p53.

Davison, T., Vagner, C., Kaghad, M., Ayed, A., Caput, D., CH, ..

Journal of Biological Chemistry, 274(26):18709-18714, June 1999 (article)

Abstract
Mutations in the p53 tumor suppressor gene are the most frequent genetic alterations found in human cancers. Recent identification of two human homologues of p53 has raised the prospect of functional interactions between family members via a conserved oligomerization domain. Here we report in vitro and in vivo analysis of homo- and hetero-oligomerization of p53 and its homologues, p63 and p73. The oligomerization domains of p63 and p73 can independently fold into stable homotetramers, as previously observed for p53. However, the oligomerization domain of p53 does not associate with that of either p73 or p63, even when p53 is in 15-fold excess. On the other hand, the oligomerization domains of p63 and p73 are able to weakly associate with one another in vitro. In vivo co-transfection assays of the ability of p53 and its homologues to activate reporter genes showed that a DNA-binding mutant of p53 was not able to act in a dominant negative manner over wild-type p73 or p63 but that a p73 mutant could inhibit the activity of wild-type p63. These data suggest that mutant p53 in cancer cells will not interact with endogenous or exogenous p63 or p73 via their respective oligomerization domains. It also establishes that the multiple isoforms of p63 as well as those of p73 are capable of interacting via their common oligomerization domain.

ei

Web [BibTex]

Web [BibTex]


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Shrinking the tube: a new support vector regression algorithm

Schölkopf, B., Bartlett, P., Smola, A., Williamson, R.

In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 11, pages: 330-336 , (Editors: MS Kearns and SA Solla and DA Cohn), MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, USA, 12th Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS), June 1999 (inproceedings)

ei

PDF Web [BibTex]

PDF Web [BibTex]


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Semiparametric support vector and linear programming machines

Smola, A., Friess, T., Schölkopf, B.

In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 11, pages: 585-591 , (Editors: MS Kearns and SA Solla and DA Cohn), MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, USA, Twelfth Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS), June 1999 (inproceedings)

Abstract
Semiparametric models are useful tools in the case where domain knowledge exists about the function to be estimated or emphasis is put onto understandability of the model. We extend two learning algorithms - Support Vector machines and Linear Programming machines to this case and give experimental results for SV machines.

ei

PDF Web [BibTex]

PDF Web [BibTex]