Header logo is


2009


Thumb xl 3dim09
One-shot scanning using de bruijn spaced grids

Ulusoy, A., Calakli, F., Taubin, G.

In Computer Vision Workshops (ICCV Workshops), 2009 IEEE 12th International Conference on, pages: 1786-1792, IEEE, 2009 (inproceedings)

Abstract
In this paper we present a new one-shot method to reconstruct the shape of dynamic 3D objects and scenes based on active illumination. In common with other related prior-art methods, a static grid pattern is projected onto the scene, a video sequence of the illuminated scene is captured, a shape estimate is produced independently for each video frame, and the one-shot property is realized at the expense of space resolution. The main challenge in grid-based one-shot methods is to engineer the pattern and algorithms so that the correspondence between pattern grid points and their images can be established very fast and without uncertainty. We present an efficient one-shot method which exploits simple geometric constraints to solve the correspondence problem. We also introduce De Bruijn spaced grids, a novel grid pattern, and show with strong empirical data that the resulting scheme is much more robust compared to those based on uniform spaced grids.

ps

pdf link (url) DOI [BibTex]

2009


pdf link (url) DOI [BibTex]


Thumb xl 5420560 fig 1 glance
Sensory-objects network driven by intrinsic motivation for survival abilities

Berenz, V., Suzuki, K.

In Robotics and Biomimetics (ROBIO), 2009 IEEE International Conference on, pages: 871-876, 2009 (inproceedings)

am

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


Thumb xl screen shot 2018 02 03 at 4.40.27 pm
Roombots-mechanical design of self-reconfiguring modular robots for adaptive furniture

Spröwitz, A., Billard, A., Dillenbourg, P., Ijspeert, A. J.

In Proceedings of the 2009 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pages: 4259-4264, IEEE, Kobe, 2009 (inproceedings)

Abstract
We aim at merging technologies from information technology, roomware, and robotics in order to design adaptive and intelligent furniture. This paper presents design principles for our modular robots, called Roombots, as future building blocks for furniture that moves and self-reconfigures. The reconfiguration is done using dynamic connection and disconnection of modules and rotations of the degrees of freedom. We are furthermore interested in applying Roombots towards adaptive behaviour, such as online learning of locomotion patterns. To create coordinated and efficient gait patterns, we use a Central Pattern Generator (CPG) approach, which can easily be optimized by any gradient-free optimization algorithm. To provide a hardware framework we present the mechanical design of the Roombots modules and an active connection mechanism based on physical latches. Further we discuss the application of our Roombots modules as pieces of a homogenic or heterogenic mix of building blocks for static structures.

dlg

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


Thumb xl toc images
Controlled Propulsion of Artificial Magnetic Nanostructured Propellers

Ghosh, A., Fischer, P.

NANO LETTERS, 9(6):2243-2245, 2009, Featured highlight ‘Nanotechnology: The helix that delivers’ Nature 459, 13 (2009). (article)

Abstract
For biomedical applications, such as targeted drug delivery and microsurgery, it is essential to develop a system of swimmers that can be propelled wirelessly in fluidic environments with good control. Here, we report the construction and operation of chiral colloidal propellers that can be navigated in water with micrometer-level precision using homogeneous magnetic fields. The propellers are made via nanostructured surfaces and can be produced in large numbers. The nanopropellers can carry chemicals, push loads, and act as local probes in rheological measurements.

Featured highlight ‘Nanotechnology: The helix that delivers’ Nature 459, 13 (2009).

pf

Video - Nanospropellers DOI [BibTex]

Video - Nanospropellers DOI [BibTex]


Thumb xl toc image
Absolute Asymmetric Reduction Based on the Relative Orientation of Achiral Reactants

Kuhn, A., Fischer, P.

ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE-INTERNATIONAL EDITION, 48(37):6857-6860, 2009 (article)

pf

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


Thumb xl screen shot 2015 08 23 at 15.10.20
Towards Grasp-Oriented Visual Perception of Humanoid Robots

Bohg, J., Barck-Holst, C., Huebner, K., Ralph, M., Rasolzadeh, B., Song, D., Kragic, D.

International Journal of Humanoid Robotics, 06(03):387-434, 2009 (article)

Abstract
A distinct property of robot vision systems is that they are embodied. Visual information is extracted for the purpose of moving in and interacting with the environment. Thus, different types of perception-action cycles need to be implemented and evaluated. In this paper, we study the problem of designing a vision system for the purpose of object grasping in everyday environments. This vision system is firstly targeted at the interaction with the world through recognition and grasping of objects and secondly at being an interface for the reasoning and planning module to the real world. The latter provides the vision system with a certain task that drives it and defines a specific context, i.e. search for or identify a certain object and analyze it for potential later manipulation. We deal with cases of: (i) known objects, (ii) objects similar to already known objects, and (iii) unknown objects. The perception-action cycle is connected to the reasoning system based on the idea of affordances. All three cases are also related to the state of the art and the terminology in the neuroscientific area.

am

pdf DOI [BibTex]

pdf DOI [BibTex]


Thumb xl iccv09
Estimating human shape and pose from a single image

Guan, P., Weiss, A., Balan, A., Black, M. J.

In Int. Conf. on Computer Vision, ICCV, pages: 1381-1388, 2009 (inproceedings)

ps

pdf video - mov 25MB video - mp4 10MB YouTube Project Page [BibTex]

pdf video - mov 25MB video - mp4 10MB YouTube Project Page [BibTex]


Thumb xl screen shot 2012 02 21 at 15.56.00  2
On feature combination for multiclass object classification

Gehler, P., Nowozin, S.

In Proceedings of the Twelfth IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision, pages: 221-228, ICCV, 2009, oral presentation (inproceedings)

ei ps

project page, code, data GoogleScholar pdf DOI [BibTex]

project page, code, data GoogleScholar pdf DOI [BibTex]


no image
A Limiting Property of the Matrix Exponential with Application to Multi-loop Control

Trimpe, S., D’Andrea, R.

In Proceedings of the Joint 48th IEEE Conference on Decision (CDC) and Control and 28th Chinese Control Conference, 2009 (inproceedings)

am ics

PDF DOI [BibTex]

PDF DOI [BibTex]


no image
Haptic Display of Realistic Tool Contact Via Dynamically Compensated Control of a Dedicated Actuator

McMahan, W., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

In Proc. IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), pages: 3171-3177, St. Louis, Missouri, USA, 2009, Oral presentation given by McMahan (inproceedings)

hi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


no image
Magnetic mobile micro-robots

Pawashe, C., Floyd, S., Sitti, M.

7eme Journees Nationales de la Recherche en Robotique, 2009 (article)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


no image
Gecko-Inspired Directional and Controllable Adhesion

Murphy, M. P., Aksak, B., Sitti, M.

Small, 5(2):170-175, WILEY-VCH Verlag, 2009 (article)

pi

Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


no image
Multiple magnetic microrobot control using electrostatic anchoring

Pawashe, C., Floyd, S., Sitti, M.

Applied Physics Letters, 94(16):164108, AIP, 2009 (article)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


no image
Characterization of bacterial actuation of micro-objects

Behkam, B., Sitti, M.

In Robotics and Automation, 2009. ICRA’09. IEEE International Conference on, pages: 1022-1027, 2009 (inproceedings)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


no image
Wet self-cleaning of biologically inspired elastomer mushroom shaped microfibrillar adhesives

Kim, S., Cheung, E., Sitti, M.

Langmuir, 25(13):7196-7199, ACS Publications, 2009 (article)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


no image
Compliant footpad design analysis for a bio-inspired quadruped amphibious robot

Park, H. S., Sitti, M.

In Intelligent Robots and Systems, 2009. IROS 2009. IEEE/RSJ International Conference on, pages: 645-651, 2009 (inproceedings)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


no image
Path integral-based stochastic optimal control for rigid body dynamics

Theodorou, E. A., Buchli, J., Schaal, S.

In Adaptive Dynamic Programming and Reinforcement Learning, 2009. ADPRL ’09. IEEE Symposium on, pages: 219-225, 2009, clmc (inproceedings)

Abstract
Recent advances on path integral stochastic optimal control [1],[2] provide new insights in the optimal control of nonlinear stochastic systems which are linear in the controls, with state independent and time invariant control transition matrix. Under these assumptions, the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) equation is formulated and linearized with the use of the logarithmic transformation of the optimal value function. The resulting HJB is a linear second order partial differential equation which is solved by an approximation based on the Feynman-Kac formula [3]. In this work we review the theory of path integral control and derive the linearized HJB equation for systems with state dependent control transition matrix. In addition we derive the path integral formulation for the general class of systems with state dimensionality that is higher than the dimensionality of the controls. Furthermore, by means of a modified inverse dynamics controller, we apply path integral stochastic optimal control over the new control space. Simulations illustrate the theoretical results. Future developments and extensions are discussed.

am

link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


no image
Learning locomotion over rough terrain using terrain templates

Kalakrishnan, M., Buchli, J., Pastor, P., Schaal, S.

In Intelligent Robots and Systems, 2009. IROS 2009. IEEE/RSJ International Conference on, pages: 167-172, 2009, clmc (inproceedings)

Abstract
We address the problem of foothold selection in robotic legged locomotion over very rough terrain. The difficulty of the problem we address here is comparable to that of human rock-climbing, where foot/hand-hold selection is one of the most critical aspects. Previous work in this domain typically involves defining a reward function over footholds as a weighted linear combination of terrain features. However, a significant amount of effort needs to be spent in designing these features in order to model more complex decision functions, and hand-tuning their weights is not a trivial task. We propose the use of terrain templates, which are discretized height maps of the terrain under a foothold on different length scales, as an alternative to manually designed features. We describe an algorithm that can simultaneously learn a small set of templates and a foothold ranking function using these templates, from expert-demonstrated footholds. Using the LittleDog quadruped robot, we experimentally show that the use of terrain templates can produce complex ranking functions with higher performance than standard terrain features, and improved generalization to unseen terrain.

am

link (url) Project Page [BibTex]

link (url) Project Page [BibTex]


no image
Integrating indoor mobility, object manipulation, and intuitive interaction for domestic service tasks

Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the IEEE-RAS Int. Conf. on Humanoid Robots (Humanoids), pages: 506-513, December 2009 (inproceedings)

ev

link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


Thumb xl tracking iccv09
Segmentation, Ordering and Multi-object Tracking Using Graphical Models

Wang, C., Gorce, M. D. L., Paragios, N.

In IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2009 (inproceedings)

ps

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


no image
Evaluating the potential of primary motor and premotor cortex for mutltidimensional neuroprosthetic control of complete reaching and grasping actions

Vargas-Irwin, C. E., Yadollahpour, P., Shakhnarovich, G., Black, M. J., Donoghue, J. P.

2009 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. Society for Neuroscience, Society for Neuroscience, 2009, Online (conference)

ps

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


no image
One-dimensional phthalocyanine nanostructures directed by gold templates

Krauss, T. N., Barrena, E., Lohmüller, T., Kelsch, M., Breitling, A., Van Aken, P. A., Spatz, J., Dosch, H.

{Chemistry of Materials}, 21, pages: 5010-5015, 2009 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Near-edge X-ray absorption fine-structure microscopy of organic and magnetic materials

Ade, H., Stoll, H.

{Nature Materials}, 8, pages: 281-290, 2009 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
X-ray imaging of the dynamic magnetic vortex core deformation

Vansteenkiste, A., Chou, K. W., Weigand, M., Curcic, M., Sackmann, V., Stoll, H., Tyliszczak, T., Woltersdorf, G., Back, C. H., Schütz, G., Van Waeyenberge, B.

{Nature Physics}, 5, pages: 332-334, 2009 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Order\textendashdisorder transition and valence state of ytterbium in YbAuxGa2-x(0.26 \textless\textequalsx \textless\textequals1.31)

Gumeniuk, R., Bischoff, E., Burkhardt, U., Prots, Y., Schnelle, W., Vasylechko, L., Schmidt, M., Kuzma, Y., Grin, Y.

{Journal of Solid State Chemistry}, 182(12):3374-3382, 2009 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Coercivity of ledge-type L10-FePt/Fe nanocomposites with perpendicular magnetization

Goll, D., Breitling, A.

{Applied Physics Letters}, 94, 2009 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Time-resolved X-ray microscopy of nanoparticle aggregates under oscillatory shear

Auernhammer, G. K., Fauth, K., Ullrich, B., Zhao, J., Weigand, M., Vollmer, D.

{Journal of Synchrotron Radiation}, 16, pages: 307-309, 2009 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Micromagnetism of advanced hard magnetic materials

Kronmüller, H., Goll, D.

{International Journal of Materials Research}, 100, pages: 640-651, 2009 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Confinement of MgH2 nanoclusters within nanoporous aerogel scaffold materials

Nielsen, T. K., Manickam, K., Hirscher, M., Besenbacher, F., Jensen, T. R.

{American Chemical Society Nano}, 3(11):3521-3528, 2009 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Possible definition of atom- and bond-resolved contributions to the magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy

Subkow, S., Fähnle, M.

{Physical Review B}, 80, 2009 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Modelling the interplay of central pattern generation and sensory feedback in the neuromuscular control of running

Daley, M., Righetti, L., Ijspeert, A.

In Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology. Annual Main Meeting for the Society for Experimental Biology, 153, Glasgow, Scotland, 2009 (inproceedings)

mg

link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


no image
A novel artificial hair receptor based on aligned PVDF micro/nano fibers

Weiting, Liu, Bilsay, Sumer, Cesare, Stefanini, Arianna, Menciassi, Fei, Li, Dajing, Chen, Paolo, Dario, Metin, Sitti, Xin, Fu

In Robotics and Biomimetics, 2008. ROBIO 2008. IEEE International Conference on, pages: 49-54, 2009 (inproceedings)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


no image
Robot ceiling climbers harness new tricks

Marks, Paul

New Scientist, 202(2705):18-19, Reed Business Information, 2009 (article)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


no image
Waalbot: Agile climbing with synthetic fibrillar dry adhesives

Murphy, M. P., Sitti, M.

In Robotics and Automation, 2009. ICRA’09. IEEE International Conference on, pages: 1599-1600, 2009 (inproceedings)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


no image
Biologically-Inspired Patterned and Coated Adhesives for Medical Devices

Glass, P, Chung, H, Lee, C, Tworkoski, E, Washburn, NR, Sitti, M

Journal of Medical Devices, 3(2):027537, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2009 (article)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


no image
Modeling and experimental characterization of an untethered magnetic micro-robot

Pawashe, C., Floyd, S., Sitti, M.

The International Journal of Robotics Research, 28(8):1077-1094, Sage Publications, 2009 (article)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


no image
Towards automated nanoassembly with the atomic force microscope: A versatile drift compensation procedure

Krohs, F., Onal, C., Sitti, M., Fatikow, S.

Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, 131(6):061106, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2009 (article)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


Valero-Cuevas, F., Hoffmann, H., Kurse, M. U., Kutch, J. J., Theodorou, E. A.

IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering – (All authors have equally contributed), (2):110?135, 2009, clmc (article)

Abstract
Computational models of the neuromuscular system hold the potential to allow us to reach a deeper understanding of neuromuscular function and clinical rehabilitation by complementing experimentation. By serving as a means to distill and explore specific hypotheses, computational models emerge from prior experimental data and motivate future experimental work. Here we review computational tools used to understand neuromuscular function including musculoskeletal modeling, machine learning, control theory, and statistical model analysis. We conclude that these tools, when used in combination, have the potential to further our understanding of neuromuscular function by serving as a rigorous means to test scientific hypotheses in ways that complement and leverage experimental data.

am

link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


no image
Compact models of motor primitive variations for predictible reaching and obstacle avoidance

Stulp, F., Oztop, E., Pastor, P., Beetz, M., Schaal, S.

In IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robots (Humanoids 2009), Paris, Dec.7-10, 2009, clmc (inproceedings)

Abstract
over and over again. This regularity allows humans and robots to reuse existing solutions for known recurring tasks. We expect that reusing a set of standard solutions to solve similar tasks will facilitate the design and on-line adaptation of the control systems of robots operating in human environments. In this paper, we derive a set of standard solutions for reaching behavior from human motion data. We also derive stereotypical reaching trajectories for variations of the task, in which obstacles are present. These stereotypical trajectories are then compactly represented with Dynamic Movement Primitives. On the humanoid robot Sarcos CB, this approach leads to reproducible, predictable, and human-like reaching motions.

am

link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


no image
Human optimization strategies under reward feedback

Hoffmann, H., Theodorou, E., Schaal, S.

In Abstracts of Neural Control of Movement Conference (NCM 2009), Waikoloa, Hawaii, 2009, 2009, clmc (inproceedings)

Abstract
Many hypothesis on human movement generation have been cast into an optimization framework, implying that movements are adapted to optimize a single quantity, like, e.g., jerk, end-point variance, or control cost. However, we still do not understand how humans actually learn when given only a cost or reward feedback at the end of a movement. Such a reinforcement learning setting has been extensively explored theoretically in engineering and computer science, but in human movement control, hardly any experiment studied movement learning under reward feedback. We present experiments probing which computational strategies humans use to optimize a movement under a continuous reward function. We present two experimental paradigms. The first paradigm mimics a ball-hitting task. Subjects (n=12) sat in front of a computer screen and moved a stylus on a tablet towards an unknown target. This target was located on a line that the subjects had to cross. During the movement, visual feedback was suppressed. After the movement, a reward was displayed graphically as a colored bar. As reward, we used a Gaussian function of the distance between the target location and the point of line crossing. We chose such a function since in sensorimotor tasks, the cost or loss function that humans seem to represent is close to an inverted Gaussian function (Koerding and Wolpert 2004). The second paradigm mimics pocket billiards. On the same experimental setup as above, the computer screen displayed a pocket (two bars), a white disk, and a green disk. The goal was to hit with the white disk the green disk (as in a billiard collision), such that the green disk moved into the pocket. Subjects (n=8) manipulated with the stylus the white disk to effectively choose start point and movement direction. Reward feedback was implicitly given as hitting or missing the pocket with the green disk. In both paradigms, subjects increased the average reward over trials. The surprising result was that in these experiments, humans seem to prefer a strategy that uses a reward-weighted average over previous movements instead of gradient ascent. The literature on reinforcement learning is dominated by gradient-ascent methods. However, our computer simulations and theoretical analysis revealed that reward-weighted averaging is the more robust choice given the amount of movement variance observed in humans. Apparently, humans choose an optimization strategy that is suitable for their own movement variance.

am

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


no image
Dynamaid, an Anthropomorphic Robot for Research on Domestic Service Applications

Stueckler, J., Schreiber, M., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the European Conference on Mobile Robots (ECMR), pages: 87-92, 2009 (inproceedings)

ev

link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


no image
Adaptive Frequency Oscillators and Applications

Righetti, L., Buchli, J., Ijspeert, A.

The Open Cybernetics \& Systemics Journal, 3, pages: 64-69, 2009 (article)

Abstract
In this contribution we present a generic mechanism to transform an oscillator into an adaptive frequency oscillator, which can then dynamically adapt its parameters to learn the frequency of any periodic driving signal. Adaptation is done in a dynamic way: it is part of the dynamical system and not an offline process. This mechanism goes beyond entrainment since it works for any initial frequencies and the learned frequency stays encoded in the system even if the driving signal disappears. Interestingly, this mechanism can easily be applied to a large class of oscillators from harmonic oscillators to relaxation types and strange attractors. Several practical applications of this mechanism are then presented, ranging from adaptive control of compliant robots to frequency analysis of signals and construction of limit cycles of arbitrary shape.

mg

link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


Thumb xl thumb screen shot 2012 10 06 at 12.02.32 pm
Modeling and Evaluation of Human-to-Robot Mapping of Grasps

Romero, J., Kjellström, H., Kragic, D.

In International Conference on Advanced Robotics (ICAR), pages: 1-6, 2009 (inproceedings)

ps

Pdf [BibTex]

Pdf [BibTex]


no image
Complex magnetic phase in submonolayer Fe stripes on Pt(977)

Honolka, J., Lee, T. Y., Kuhnke, K., Repetto, D., Sessi, V., Wahl, P., Buchsbaum, A., Varga, P., Gardonio, S., Carbone, C., Krishnakumar, S. R., Gambardella, P., Komelj, M., Singer, R., Fähnle, M., Fauth, K., Schütz, G., Enders, A., Kern, K.

{Physical Review B}, 79, 2009 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Local and nonlocal atomic contributions to unit-cell damping in near-adiabatic collinear magnetization dynamics

Seib, J., Steiauf, D., Fähnle, M.

{Physical Review B}, 79, 2009 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Temperature-dependent critical currents in superconducting YBa2Cu3O7-δand ferromagnetic La2/3Ca1/3MnO3 hybrid structures

Djupmyr, M., Soltan, S., Habermeier, H.-U., Albrecht, J.

{Physical Review B}, 80, 2009 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
High surface area polyHIPEs with hierarchical pore system

Schwab, M. G., Senkovska, I., Rose, M., Klein, N., Koch, M., Pahnke, J., Jonschker, G., Schmitz, B., Hirscher, M., Kaskel, S.

{Soft Matter}, 5, pages: 1055-1059, 2009 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Grain boundary wetting phase transformations in the Zn-Sn and Zn-In systems

Gornakova, A. S., Straumal, B. B., Tsurekawa, S., Chang, L.-S., Nekrasov, A. N.

{Reviews on Advanced Materials Science}, 21(1):18-26, 2009 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


no image
Magnetization study of nanograined pure and Mn-doped ZnO films: formation of a ferromagnetic grain-boundary foam

Straumal, B. B., Mazilkin, A. A., Protasova, S. G., Myatiev, A. A., Straumal, P. B., Schütz, G., van Aken, P. A., Goering, E., Baretzky, B.

{Physical Review B}, 79, 2009 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]