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2016


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Spin wave mediated unidirectional vortex core reversal by two orthogonal monopolar field pulses: The essential role of three-dimensional magnetization dynamics

Noske, M., Stoll, H., Fähnle, M., Gangwar, A., Woltersdorf, G., Slavin, A., Weigand, M., Dieterle, G., Förster, J., Back, C. H., Schütz, G.

{Journal of Applied Physics}, 119(17), AIP Publishing, New York, NY, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

2016


DOI [BibTex]


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Magnetic vortex cores as tunable spin-wave emitters

Wintz, S., Tiberkevich, V., Weigand, M., Raabe, J., Lindner, J., Erbe, A., Slavin, A., Fassbender, J.

{Nature Nanotechnology}, 11(11):948-953, Nature Publishing Group, London, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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The usable capacity of porous materials for hydrogen storage

Schlichtenmayer, M., Hirscher, M.

{Applied Physics A}, 122(4), Springer-Verlag Heidelberg, Heidelberg, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Ferromagnetic behaviour of ZnO: the role of grain boundaries

Straumal, B. B., Protasova, S. G., Mazilkin, A. A., Goering, E., Schütz, G., Straumal, P. B., Baretzky, B.

{Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology}, 7, pages: 1936-1947, Beilstein-Institut, Frankfurt am Main, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Localized domain wall nucleation dynamics in asymmetric ferromagnetic rings revealed by direct time-resolved magnetic imaging

Richter, K., Krone, A., Mawass, M., Krüger, B., Weigand, M., Stoll, H., Schütz, G., Kläui, M.

{Physical Review B}, 94(2), American Physical Society, Woodbury, NY, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Observation of room-temperature magnetic skyrmions and their current-driven dynamics in ultrathin metallic ferromagnets

Woo, S., Litzius, K., Krüger, B., Im, M., Caretta, L., Richter, K., Mann, M., Krone, A., Reeve, R. M., Weigand, M., Agrawal, P., Lemesh, I., Mawass, M., Fischer, P., Kläui, M., Beach, G. S. D.

{Nature Materials}, 15(5):501-506, Nature Pub. Group, London, UK, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Unsupervised Learning of Shape-Motion Patterns for Objects in Urban Street Scenes

Klostermann, D., Osep, A., Stueckler, J., Leibe, B.

In British Machine Vision Conference (BMVC), 2016 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Modeling load factors in multimedia learning: An ACT-R approach

Wirzberger, M.

In Dagstuhl 2016. Proceedings of the 10th Joint Workshop of the German Research Training Groups in Computer Science, pages: 98, Universitätsverlag Chemnitz, Chemnitz, 2016 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Step Timing Adjustement: a Step toward Generating Robust Gaits

Khadiv, M., Herzog, A., Moosavian, S. A. A., Righetti, L.

In 2016 IEEE-RAS 16th International Conference on Humanoid Robots (Humanoids), pages: 35-42, IEEE, Cancun, Mexico, 2016 (inproceedings)

Abstract
Step adjustment for humanoid robots has been shown to improve robustness in gaits. However, step duration adaptation is often neglected in control strategies. In this paper, we propose an approach that combines both step location and timing adjustment for generating robust gaits. In this approach, step location and step timing are decided, based on feedback from the current state of the robot. The proposed approach is comprised of two stages. In the first stage, the nominal step location and step duration for the next step or a previewed number of steps are specified. In this stage which is done at the start of each step, the main goal is to specify the best step length and step duration for a desired walking speed. The second stage deals with finding the best landing point and landing time of the swing foot at each control cycle. In this stage, stability of the gaits is preserved by specifying a desired offset between the swing foot landing point and the Divergent Component of Motion (DCM) at the end of current step. After specifying the landing point of the swing foot at a desired time, the swing foot trajectory is regenerated at each control cycle to realize desired landing properties. Simulation on different scenarios shows the robustness of the generated gaits from our proposed approach compared to the case where no timing adjustment is employed.

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Decision-Making under Ambiguity Is Modulated by Visual Framing, but Not by Motor vs. Non-Motor Context: Experiments and an Information-Theoretic Ambiguity Model

Grau-Moya, J, Ortega, PA, Braun, DA

PLoS ONE, 11(4):1-21, April 2016 (article)

Abstract
A number of recent studies have investigated differences in human choice behavior depending on task framing, especially comparing economic decision-making to choice behavior in equivalent sensorimotor tasks. Here we test whether decision-making under ambiguity exhibits effects of task framing in motor vs. non-motor context. In a first experiment, we designed an experience-based urn task with varying degrees of ambiguity and an equivalent motor task where subjects chose between hitting partially occluded targets. In a second experiment, we controlled for the different stimulus design in the two tasks by introducing an urn task with bar stimuli matching those in the motor task. We found ambiguity attitudes to be mainly influenced by stimulus design. In particular, we found that the same subjects tended to be ambiguity-preferring when choosing between ambiguous bar stimuli, but ambiguity-avoiding when choosing between ambiguous urn sample stimuli. In contrast, subjects’ choice pattern was not affected by changing from a target hitting task to a non-motor context when keeping the stimulus design unchanged. In both tasks subjects’ choice behavior was continuously modulated by the degree of ambiguity. We show that this modulation of behavior can be explained by an information-theoretic model of ambiguity that generalizes Bayes-optimal decision-making by combining Bayesian inference with robust decision-making under model uncertainty. Our results demonstrate the benefits of information-theoretic models of decision-making under varying degrees of ambiguity for a given context, but also demonstrate the sensitivity of ambiguity attitudes across contexts that theoretical models struggle to explain.

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DOI [BibTex]


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Austauschgekoppelte Moden in magnetischen Vortexstrukturen

Dieterle, G.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2016 (phdthesis)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Density matrix calculations for the ultrafast demagnetization after femtosecond laser pulses

Weng, Weikai

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2016 (mastersthesis)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Outlook and challenges for hydrogen storage in nanoporous materials

Broom, D. P., Webb, C. J., Hurst, K. E., Parilla, P. A., Gennett, T., Brown, C. M., Zacharia, R., Tylianakis, E., Klontzas, E., Froudakis, G. E., Steriotis, T. A., Trikalitis, P. N., Anton, D. L., Hardy, B., Tamburello, D., Corgnale, C., van Hassel, B. A., Cossement, D., Chahine, R., Hirscher, M.

{Applied Physics A}, 122(3), Springer-Verlag Heidelberg, Heidelberg, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Quantum sieving for separation of hydrogen isotopes using MOFs

Oh, H., Hirscher, M.

{European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry}, 2016(27):4278-4289, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Direct patterning of vortex generators on a fiber tip using a focused ion beam

Vayalamkuzhi, P., Bhattacharya, S., Eigenthaler, U., Keskinbora, K., Salman, C. T., Hirscher, M., Spatz, J. P., Viswanathan, N. K.

{Optics Letters}, 41(10):2133-2136, Optical Society of America, Washington, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Two-body problem of core-region coupled magnetic vortex stacks

Hänze, M., Adolff, C. F., Velten, S., Weigand, M., Meier, G.

{Physical Review B}, 93(5), American Physical Society, Woodbury, NY, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Irreproducibility in hydrogen storage material research

Broom, D. P., Hirscher, M.

{Energy \& Environmental Science}, 9(11):3368-3380, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Effect of surface configurations on the room-temperature magnetism of pure ZnO

Chen, Y., Wang, Z., Leineweber, A., Baier, J., Tietze, T., Phillipp, F., Schütz, G., Goering, E.

{Journal of Materials Chemistry C}, 4(19):4166-4175, Royal Society of Chemistry, London, UK, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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On the synthesis and microstructure analysis of high performance MnBi

Chen, Y., Sawatzki, S., Ener, S., Sepehri-Amin, H., Leineweber, A., Gregori, G., Qu, F., Muralidhar, S., Ohkubo, T., Hono, K., Gutfleisch, O., Kronmüller, H., Schütz, G., Goering, E.

{AIP Advances}, 6(12), 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Deep Learning for Diabetic Retinopathy Diagnostics

Balles, Lukas

Heidelberg University, 2016 (mastersthesis)

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Cell patterning in a hydrogel using optically induced dielectrophoresis

Hu, W., Ishii, K., Ohta, A. T.

In Optical MEMS and Nanophotonics (OMN), 2016 International Conference on, pages: 1-2, 2016 (inproceedings)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Scene Flow Propagation for Semantic Mapping and Object Discovery in Dynamic Street Scenes

Kochanov, D., Osep, A., Stueckler, J., Leibe, B.

In IEEE/RSJ Int. Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS, 2016 (inproceedings)

ev

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Separating cognitive load facets in a working memory updating task: An experimental approach

Wirzberger, M., Beege, M., Schneider, S., Nebel, S., Rey, G. D.

In International Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Granada – Spain, May 5-8, 2016, Abstract Book, pages: 211-212, 2016 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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The role of individual defects on the magnetic screening of HTSC films

Ruoß, S., Stahl, C., Weigand, M., Zahn, P., Bayer, J., Schütz, G., Albrecht, J.

{New Journal of Physics}, 18(10), IOP Publishing, Bristol, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Magnetic switching of nanoscale antidot lattices

Wiedwald, U., Gräfe, J., Lebecki, K. M., Skripnik, M., Haering, F., Schütz, G., Ziemann, P., Goering, E., Nowak, U.

{Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology}, 7, pages: 733-750, Beilstein-Institut, Frankfurt am Main, 2016 (article)

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DOI Project Page [BibTex]

DOI Project Page [BibTex]


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Hydrogen-based energy storage (IEA-HIA Task 32)

Buckley, C. E., Chen, P., van Hassel, B. A., Hirscher, M.

{Applied Physics A}, 122(2), Springer-Verlag Heidelberg, Heidelberg, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Local domain-wall velocity engineering via tailored potential landscapes in ferromagnetic rings

Richter, K., Krone, A., Mawass, M., Krüger, B., Weigand, M., Stoll, H., Schütz, G., Kläui, M.

{Physical Review Applied}, 5(2), American Physical Society, College Park, Md. [u.a.], 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Geometric control of the magnetization reversal in antidot lattices with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy

Gräfe, J., Weigand, M., Träger, N., Schütz, G., Goering, E. J., Skripnik, M., Nowak, U., Haering, F., Ziemann, P., Wiedwald, U.

{Physical Review B}, 93(10), American Physical Society, Woodbury, NY, 2016 (article)

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DOI Project Page Project Page [BibTex]

DOI Project Page Project Page [BibTex]


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Growth and characterizationof large weak topological insulator Bi2Tel single crystal by Bismuth self-flux method

Ryu, G., Son, K., Schütz, G.

{Journal of Crystal Growth}, 440, pages: 26-30, North-Holland, Amsterdam, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Additive interfacial chiral interaction in multilayers for stabilization of small individual skyrmions at room temperature

Moreau-Luchaire, C., Moutafis, C., Reyren, N., Sampaio, J., Vaz, C. A. F., Van Horne, N., Bouzehouane, K., Garcia, K., Deranlot, C., Warnicke, P., Wohlhüter, P., George, J.-M., Weigand, M., Raabe, J., Cros, V., Fert, A.

{Nature Nanotechnology}, 11(5):444-448, Nature Publishing Group, London, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Surface defect free growth of a spin dimer TlCuCl3 compound crystals and investigations on its optical and magnetic properties

Ryu, G., Son, K.

{Journal of Solid State Chemistry}, 237, pages: 358-363, Academic Press, Orlando, Fla., 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Physical and mathematical justification of the numerical Brillouin zone integration of the Boltzmann rate equation by Gaussian smearing

Illg, C., Haag, M., Teeny, N., Wirth, J., Fähnle, M.

{Journal of Theoretical and Applied Physics}, 10(1):1-6, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Tehran, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Joint Object Pose Estimation and Shape Reconstruction in Urban Street Scenes Using 3D Shape Priors

Engelmann, F., Stueckler, J., Leibe, B.

In Proc. of the German Conference on Pattern Recognition (GCPR), 2016 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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CLT meets WMU: Simultaneous experimental manipulation of load factors in a basal working memory task

Wirzberger, M., Beege, M., Schneider, S., Nebel, S., Rey, G. D.

In 9th International Cognitive Load Theory Conference, June 22nd to 24th, 2016, Bochum, Germany, Abstracts, pages: 19, 2016 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Bedingt räumliche Nähe bessere Lernergebnisse? Die Rolle der Distanz und Integration beim Lernen mit multiplen Informationsquellen

Beege, M., Nebel, S., Schneider, S., Wirzberger, M., Schmidt, N., Rey, G. D.

In 50th Conference of the German Psychological Society. Abstracts, pages: 540, Pabst Science Publishers, Lengerich, 2016 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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On the Effects of Measurement Uncertainty in Optimal Control of Contact Interactions

Ponton, B., Schaal, S., Righetti, L.

In The 12th International Workshop on the Algorithmic Foundations of Robotics WAFR, Berkeley, USA, 2016 (inproceedings)

Abstract
Stochastic Optimal Control (SOC) typically considers noise only in the process model, i.e. unknown disturbances. However, in many robotic applications involving interaction with the environment, such as locomotion and manipulation, uncertainty also comes from lack of precise knowledge of the world, which is not an actual disturbance. We analyze the effects of also considering noise in the measurement model, by devel- oping a SOC algorithm based on risk-sensitive control, that includes the dynamics of an observer in such a way that the control law explicitly de- pends on the current measurement uncertainty. In simulation results on a simple 2D manipulator, we have observed that measurement uncertainty leads to low impedance behaviors, a result in contrast with the effects of process noise that creates stiff behaviors. This suggests that taking into account measurement uncertainty could be a potentially very interesting way to approach problems involving uncertain contact interactions.

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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A Convex Model of Momentum Dynamics for Multi-Contact Motion Generation

Ponton, B., Herzog, A., Schaal, S., Righetti, L.

In 2016 IEEE-RAS 16th International Conference on Humanoid Robots Humanoids, pages: 842-849, IEEE, Cancun, Mexico, 2016 (inproceedings)

Abstract
Linear models for control and motion generation of humanoid robots have received significant attention in the past years, not only due to their well known theoretical guarantees, but also because of practical computational advantages. However, to tackle more challenging tasks and scenarios such as locomotion on uneven terrain, a more expressive model is required. In this paper, we are interested in contact interaction-centered motion optimization based on the momentum dynamics model. This model is non-linear and non-convex; however, we find a relaxation of the problem that allows us to formulate it as a single convex quadratically-constrained quadratic program (QCQP) that can be very efficiently optimized and is useful for multi-contact planning. This convex model is then coupled to the optimization of end-effector contact locations using a mixed integer program, which can also be efficiently solved. This becomes relevant e.g. to recover from external pushes, where a predefined stepping plan is likely to fail and an online adaptation of the contact location is needed. The performance of our algorithm is demonstrated in several multi-contact scenarios for a humanoid robot.

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Helium und Hydrogen Isotope Adsorption and Separation in Metal-Organic Frameworks

Zaiser, Ingrid

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart (und Cuvillier Verlag, Göttingen), 2016 (phdthesis)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Pinned orbital moments - A new contribution to magnetic anisotropy

Audehm, P., Schmidt, M., Brück, S., Tietze, T., Gräfe, J., Macke, S., Schütz, G., Goering, E.

{Scientific Reports}, 6, Nature Publishing Group, London, UK, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Comparative study of ALD SiO2 thin films for optical applications

Pfeiffer, K., Shestaeva, S., Bingel, A., Munzert, P., Ghazaryan, L., van Helvoirt, C., Kessels, W. M. M., Sanli, U. T., Grévent, C., Schütz, G., Putkonen, M., Buchanan, I., Jensen, L., Ristau, D., Tünnermann, A., Szeghalmi, A.

{Optical materials express}, 6(2):660-670, OSA, Washington, DC, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Combined first-order reversal curve and x-ray microscopy investigation of magnetization reversal mechanisms in hexagonal antidot lattices

Gräfe, J., Weigand, M., Stahl, C., Träger, N., Kopp, M., Schütz, G., Goering, E. J., Haering, F., Ziemann, P., Wiedwald, U.

{Physical Review B}, 93(1), American Physical Society, Woodbury, NY, 2016 (article)

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DOI Project Page Project Page [BibTex]

DOI Project Page Project Page [BibTex]


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Switching probabilities of magnetic vortex core reversal studied by table top magneto optic Kerr microscopy

Dieterle, G., Gangwar, A., Gräfe, J., Noske, M., Förster, J., Woltersdorf, G., Stoll, H., Back, C. H., Schütz, G.

{Applied Physics Letters}, 108(2), American Institute of Physics, Melville, NY, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Ultrafast demagnetization after femtosecond laser pulses: Transfer of angular momentum from the electronic system to magnetoelastic spin-phonon modes

Tsatsoulis, T., Illg, C., Haag, M., Müller, B. Y., Zhang, L., Fähnle, M.

{Physical Review B}, 93(13), American Physical Society, Woodbury, NY, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Developments in the Ni-Nb-Zr amorphous alloy membranes

Sarker, S., Chandra, D., Hirscher, M., Dolan, M., Isheim, D., Wermer, J., Viano, D., Baricco, M., Udovic, T. J., Grant, D., Palumbo, O., Paolone, A., Cantelli, R.

{Applied Physics A}, 122(3), Springer-Verlag Heidelberg, Heidelberg, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Resistance to the transport of H2 through the external surface of as-made and modified silicalite-1 (MFI)

Kalantzopoulos, G. N., Policicchio, A., Maccallini, E., Krkljus, I., Ciuchi, F., Hirscher, M., Agostino, R. G., Golemme, G.

{Microporous and Mesoporous Materials}, 220, pages: 290-297, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Observation of pseudopartial grain boundary wetting in the NdFeB-based alloy

Straumal, B. B., Mazilkin, A. A., Protasova, S. G., Schütz, G., Straumal, A. B., Baretzky, B.

{Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance}, 25(8):3303-3309, 2016 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]

2007


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HPLC analysis and pharmacokinetic study of quercitrin and isoquercitrin in rat plasma after administration of Hypericum japonicum thunb. extract.

Li, J., Wang, W., Zhang, L., Chen, H., Bi, S.

Biomedical Chromatography, 22(4):374-378, December 2007 (article)

Abstract
A simple HPLC method was developed for determination of quercitrin and isoquercitrin in rat plasma. Reversed-phase HPLC was employed for the quantitative analysis using kaempferol-3-O--d-glucopyranoside-7-O--l-rhamnoside as an internal standard. Following extraction from the plasma samples with ethyl acetate-isopropanol (95:5, v/v), these two compounds were successfully separated on a Luna C18 column (250 × 4.6 mm, 5 µm) with isocratic elution of acetonitrile-0.5% aqueous acetic acid (17:83, v/v) as the mobile phase. The flow-rate was set at 1 mL/min and the eluent was detected at 350 nm for both quercitrin and isoquercitrin. The method was linear over the studied ranges of 50-6000 and 50-5000 ng/mL for quercitrin and isoquercitrin, respectively. The intra- and inter-day precisions of the analysis were better than 13.1 and 13.2%, respectively. The lower limits of quantitation for quercitrin and isoquercitrin in plasma were both of 50 ng/mL. The mean extraction recoveries were 73 and 61% for quercitrin and i soquercitrin, respectively. The validated method was successfully applied to pharmacokinetic studies of the two analytes in rat plasma after the oral administration of Hypericum japonicum thunb. ethanol extract.

ei

Web DOI [BibTex]

2007



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Graph sharpening plus graph integration: a synergy that improves protein functional classification

Shin, HH., Lisewski, AM., Lichtarge, O.

Bioinformatics, 23(23):3217-3224, December 2007 (article)

ei

Web DOI [BibTex]

Web DOI [BibTex]


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A Tutorial on Spectral Clustering

von Luxburg, U.

Statistics and Computing, 17(4):395-416, December 2007 (article)

Abstract
In recent years, spectral clustering has become one of the most popular modern clustering algorithms. It is simple to implement, can be solved efficiently by standard linear algebra software, and very often outperforms traditional clustering algorithms such as the k-means algorithm. On the first glance spectral clustering appears slightly mysterious, and it is not obvious to see why it works at all and what it really does. The goal of this tutorial is to give some intuition on those questions. We describe different graph Laplacians and their basic properties, present the most common spectral clustering algorithms, and derive those algorithms from scratch by several different approaches. Advantages and disadvantages of the different spectral clustering algorithms are discussed.

ei

PDF PDF DOI [BibTex]

PDF PDF DOI [BibTex]