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2015


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Focused ion beam micromachining enables novel optics for X-ray microscopy

Keskinbora, K., Sanli, U., Grévent, C., Hirscher, M., Schütz, G.

{Microscopy and Microanalysis}, 21(Suppl 3):1983-1984, Springer-Verlag New York, New York, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

2015


DOI [BibTex]


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Selectable nanopattern arrays for nanolithographic imprint and etch-mask applications

Jeong, H., Mark, A. G., Lee, T., Son, K., Chen, W., Alarcón-Correa, M., Kim, I., Schütz, G., Fischer, P.

{Advanced Science}, 2(2), Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Grain boundaries as a source of ferromagnetism and increased solubility of Ni in nanograined ZnO

Straumal, B. B., Mazilkin, A. A., Protasova, S. G., Stakhanova, S. V., Straumal, P. B., Bulatov, M. F., Schütz, G., Tietze, T., Goering, E., Baretzky, B.

{Reviews on Advanced Materials Science}, 41, pages: 61-71, 2015 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Gyrational modes of benzenelike magnetic vortex molecules

Adolff, C. F., Hänze, M., Pues, M., Weigand, M., Meier, G.

{Physical Review B}, 92(2), American Physical Society, Woodbury, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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"Job-Sharing" storage of hydrogen in Ru/Li2O nanocomposites

Fu, L., Tang, K., Oh, H., Kandavel, M., Bräuniger, T., Vinod Chandran, C., Menzel, A., Hirscher, M., Samuelis, D., Maier, J.

{Nano Letters}, 15(6):4170-4175, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Overview of the multilayer-Fresnel zone plate and the kinoform lens development at MPI for Intelligent Systems

Sanli, U., Keskinbora, K., Grévent, C., Schütz, G.

{Proceedings of SPIE}, 9510, SPIE, Bellingham, Washington, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]


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Transition matrix elements for electron-phonon scattering: Phenomenological theory and ab initio electron theory

Illg, C., Haag, M., Müller, B. Y., Czycholl, G., Fähnle, M.

{Physical Review B}, 92(19), American Physical Society, Woodbury, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Phase evolution in single-crystalline LiFePO4 followed by in situ scanning X-ray microscopy of a micrometre-sized battery

Ohmer, N., Fenk, B., Samuelis, D., Chen, C., Maier, J., Weigand, M., Goering, E., Schütz, G.

{Nature Communications}, 6, Nature Publishing Group, London, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Nitrogen-rich covalent triazine frameworks as high-performance platforms for selective carbon capture and storage

Hug, S., Stegbauer, L., Oh, H., Hirscher, M., Lotsch, B. V.

{Chemistry of Materials}, 27(23):8001-8010, American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Novel plasticity rule can explain the development of sensorimotor intelligence

Der, R., Martius, G.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(45):E6224-E6232, 2015 (article)

Abstract
Grounding autonomous behavior in the nervous system is a fundamental challenge for neuroscience. In particular, self-organized behavioral development provides more questions than answers. Are there special functional units for curiosity, motivation, and creativity? This paper argues that these features can be grounded in synaptic plasticity itself, without requiring any higher-level constructs. We propose differential extrinsic plasticity (DEP) as a new synaptic rule for self-learning systems and apply it to a number of complex robotic systems as a test case. Without specifying any purpose or goal, seemingly purposeful and adaptive rhythmic behavior is developed, displaying a certain level of sensorimotor intelligence. These surprising results require no system-specific modifications of the DEP rule. They rather arise from the underlying mechanism of spontaneous symmetry breaking, which is due to the tight brain body environment coupling. The new synaptic rule is biologically plausible and would be an interesting target for neurobiological investigation. We also argue that this neuronal mechanism may have been a catalyst in natural evolution.

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link (url) DOI Project Page [BibTex]

link (url) DOI Project Page [BibTex]


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Efficient single-cell poration by microsecond laser pulses

Fan, Q., Hu, W., Ohta, A. T.

Lab on a Chip, 15(2):581-588, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015 (article)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Multilayer Fresnel zone plates for X-ray microscopy

Sanli, U. T., Keskinbora, K., Grévent, C., Szeghalmi, A., Knez, M., Schütz, G.

{Microscopy and Microanalysis}, 21(Suppl 3):1987-1988, Springer-Verlag New York, New York, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Interfacial dominated ferromagnetism in nanograined ZnO: a \muSR and DFT study

Tietze, T., Audehm, P., Chen, Y., Schütz, G., Straumal, B. B., Protasova, S. G., Mazilkin, A. A., Straumal, P. B., Prokscha, T., Luetkens, H., Salman, Z., Suter, A., Baretzky, B., Fink, K., Wenzel, W., Danilov, D., Goering, E.

{Scientific Reports}, 5, pages: 8871-8876, Nature Publishing Group, London, UK, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Preparation of a ferromagnetic barrier in YBa2Cu3O7-delta thinner than the coherence length

Soltan, S., Albrecht, J., Goering, E., Schütz, G., Mustafa, L., Keimer, B., Habermeier, H.

{Journal of Applied Physics}, 118(22), AIP Publishing, New York, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Microanalytical methods for in-situ high-resolution analysis of rock varnish at the micrometer to nanometer scale

Macholdt, D. S., Jochum, K. P., Pöhlker, C., Stoll, B., Weis, U., Weber, B., Müller, M., Kapl, M., Buhre, S., Kilcoyne, A. L. D., Weigand, M., Scholz, D., Al-Amri, A. M., Andreae, M. O.

{Chemical Geology}, 411, pages: 57-68, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Chemical composition, microstructure, and hygroscopic properties of aerosol particles at the Zotino Tall Tower Observatory (ZOTTO), Siberia, during a summer campaign

Mikhailov, E. F., Mironov, G. N., Pöhlker, C., Chi, X., Krüger, M., Shiraiwa, M., Förster, J., Pöschl, U., Vlasenko, S. S., Ryshkevich, T. I., Weigand, M., Kilcoyne, A. L. D., Andreae, M.

{Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics}, 15(15):8847-8869, European Geosciences Union, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Orbital reflectometry of PrNiO3/PrAlO3 superlattices

Wu, M., Benckiser, E., Audehm, P., Goering, E., Wochner, P., Christiani, G., Logvenov, G., Habermeier, H., Keimer, B.

{Physical Review B}, 91(19), American Physical Society, Woodbury, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Dynamic domain wall chirality rectification by rotating magnetic fields

Bisig, A., Mawass, M., Stärk, M., Moutafis, C., Rhensius, J., Heidler, J., Gliga, S., Weigand, M., Tyliszczak, T., Van Waeyenberge, B., Stoll, H., Schütz, G., Kläui, M.

{Applied Physics Letters}, 106(12), American Institute of Physics, Melville, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Imaging spin dynamics on the nanoscale using X-ray microscopy

Stoll, H., Noske, M., Weigand, M., Richter, K., Krüger, B., Reeve, R. M., Hänze, M., Adolff, C. F., Stein, F., Meier, G., Kläui, M., Schütz, G.

{Frontiers in Physics}, 3, Frontiers Media, Lausanne, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Structure Learning in Bayesian Sensorimotor Integration

Genewein, T, Hez, E, Razzaghpanah, Z, Braun, DA

PLoS Computational Biology, 11(8):1-27, August 2015 (article)

Abstract
Previous studies have shown that sensorimotor processing can often be described by Bayesian learning, in particular the integration of prior and feedback information depending on its degree of reliability. Here we test the hypothesis that the integration process itself can be tuned to the statistical structure of the environment. We exposed human participants to a reaching task in a three-dimensional virtual reality environment where we could displace the visual feedback of their hand position in a two dimensional plane. When introducing statistical structure between the two dimensions of the displacement, we found that over the course of several days participants adapted their feedback integration process in order to exploit this structure for performance improvement. In control experiments we found that this adaptation process critically depended on performance feedback and could not be induced by verbal instructions. Our results suggest that structural learning is an important meta-learning component of Bayesian sensorimotor integration.

ei

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Unique high-temperature performance of highly consensed MnBi permanent magnets

Chen, Y., Gregori, G., Leineweber, A., Qu, F., Chen, C., Tietze, T., Kronmüller, H., Schütz, G., Goering, E.

{Scripta Materialia}, 107, pages: 131-135, Pergamon, Tarrytown, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Quantifying Emergent Behavior of Autonomous Robots

Martius, G., Olbrich, E.

Entropy, 17(10):7266, 2015 (article)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Electrical determination of vortex state in submicron magnetic elements

Gangwar, A., Bauer, H. G., Chauleau, J., Noske, M., Weigand, M., Stoll, H., Schütz, G., Back, C. H.

{Physical Review B}, 91(9), American Physical Society, Woodbury, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Mechanisms for the symmetric and antisymmetric switching of a magnetic vortex core: Differences and common aspects

Noske, M., Stoll, H., Fähnle, M., Hertel, R., Schütz, G.

{Physical Review B}, 91(1), American Physical Society, Woodbury, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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High resolution, high efficiency mulitlayer Fresnel zone plates for soft and hard X-rays

Sanli, U., Keskinbora, K., Gregorczyk, K., Leister, J., Teeny, N., Grévent, C., Knez, M., Schütz, G.

{Proceedings of SPIE}, 9592, SPIE, Bellingham, Washington, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Macroscopic drift current in the inverse Faraday effect

Hertel, R., Fähnle, M.

{Physical Review B}, 91(2), American Physical Society, Woodbury, NY, 2015 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Single-step 3D nanofabrication of kinoform optics via gray-scale focused ion beam lithography for efficient X-ray focusing

Keskinbora, K., Grévent, C., Hirscher, M., Weigand, M., Schütz, G.

{Advanced Optical Materials}, 3, pages: 792-800, WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH Co. KGaA, Weinheim, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Band structure engineering of two-dimensional magnonic vortex crystals

Behncke, C., Hänze, M., Adolff, C. F., Weigand, M., Meier, G.

{Physical Review B}, 91(22), American Physical Society, Woodbury, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Towards denoising XMCD movies of fast magnetization dynamics using extended Kalman filter

Kopp, M., Harmeling, S., Schütz, G., Schölkopf, B., Fähnle, M.

{Ultramicroscopy}, 148, pages: 115-122, North-Holland, Amsterdam, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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A Reward-Maximizing Spiking Neuron as a Bounded Rational Decision Maker

Leibfried, F, Braun, DA

Neural Computation, 27(8):1686-1720, July 2015 (article)

Abstract
Rate distortion theory describes how to communicate relevant information most efficiently over a channel with limited capacity. One of the many applications of rate distortion theory is bounded rational decision making, where decision makers are modeled as information channels that transform sensory input into motor output under the constraint that their channel capacity is limited. Such a bounded rational decision maker can be thought to optimize an objective function that trades off the decision maker's utility or cumulative reward against the information processing cost measured by the mutual information between sensory input and motor output. In this study, we interpret a spiking neuron as a bounded rational decision maker that aims to maximize its expected reward under the computational constraint that the mutual information between the neuron's input and output is upper bounded. This abstract computational constraint translates into a penalization of the deviation between the neuron's instantaneous and average firing behavior. We derive a synaptic weight update rule for such a rate distortion optimizing neuron and show in simulations that the neuron efficiently extracts reward-relevant information from the input by trading off its synaptic strengths against the collected reward.

ei

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Magnetic moments induce strong phonon renormalization in FeSi

Krannich, S., Sidis, Y., Lamago, D., Heid, R., Mignot, J., von Löhneysen, H., Ivanov, A., Steffens, P., Keller, T., Wang, L., Goering, E., Weber, F.

{Nature Communications}, 6, Nature Publishing Group, London, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Model-based strategy selection learning

Lieder, F., Griffiths, T. L.

The 2nd Multidisciplinary Conference on Reinforcement Learning and Decision Making, 2015 (article)

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Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


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What is epistemic value in free energy models of learning and acting? A bounded rationality perspective

Ortega, PA, Braun, DA

Cognitive Neuroscience, 6(4):215-216, December 2015 (article)

Abstract
Free energy models of learning and acting do not only care about utility or extrinsic value, but also about intrinsic value, that is, the information value stemming from probability distributions that represent beliefs or strategies. While these intrinsic values can be interpreted as epistemic values or exploration bonuses under certain conditions, the framework of bounded rationality offers a complementary interpretation in terms of information-processing costs that we discuss here.

ei

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Perpendicular magnetisation from in-plane fields in nano-scaled antidot lattices

Gräfe, J., Haering, F., Tietze, T., Audehm, P., Weigand, M., Wiedwald, U., Ziemann, P., Gawronski, P., Schütz, G., Goering, E. J.

{Nanotechnology}, 26(22), IOP Pub., Bristol, UK, 2015 (article)

mms

DOI Project Page [BibTex]

DOI Project Page [BibTex]


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Theory of ultrafast demagnetization after femtosecond laser pulses

Fähnle, M., Illg, C., Haag, M., Teeny, N.

{Acta Physica Polonica A}, 127(2):170-175, Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warszawa, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Non-linear radial spinwave modes in thin magnetic disks

Helsen, M., Gangwar, Ajay, De Clercq, J., Vansteenkiste, A., Weigand, M., Back, C. H., Van Waeyenberge, B.

{Applied Physics Letters}, 106(3), American Institute of Physics, Melville, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Hydrogen isotope separation in metal-organic frameworks: Kinetic or chemical affinity quantum-sieving?

Savchenko, I., Mavrandonakis, A., Heine, T., Oh, H., Teufel, J., Hirscher, M.

{Microporous and Mesoporous Materials}, 216, pages: 133-137, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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High-resolution dichroic imaging of magnetic flux distributions in superconductors with scanning x-ray microscopy

Ruoß, S., Stahl, C., Weigand, M., Schütz, G., Albrecht, J.

{Applied Physics Letters}, 106, American Institute of Physics, Melville, NY, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Preparation and characterisation of epitaxial Pt/Cu/FeMn/Co thin films on (100)-oriented MgO single crystals

Schmidt, M., Gräfe, J., Audehm, P., Phillipp, F., Schütz, G., Goering, E.

{Physica Status Solidi A}, 212(10):2114-2123, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2015 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Probing the magnetic moments of [MnIII6CrIII]3+ single-molecule magnets - A cross comparison of XMCD and spin-resolved electron spectroscopy

Helmstedt, A., Dohmeier, N., Müller, N., Gryzia, A., Brechling, A., Heinzmann, U., Hoeke, V., Krickemeyer, E., Glaser, T., Leicht, P., Fonin, M., Tietze, T., Joly, L., Kuepper, K.

{Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena}, 198, pages: 12-19, Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, 2015 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Haptic Robotization of Human Body via Data-Driven Vibrotactile Feedback

Kurihara, Y., Takei, S., Nakai, Y., Hachisu, T., Kuchenbecker, K. J., Kajimoto, H.

Entertainment Computing, 5(4):485-494, December 2014 (article)

hi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


Series of Multilinked Caterpillar Track-type Climbing Robots
Series of Multilinked Caterpillar Track-type Climbing Robots

Lee, G., Kim, H., Seo, K., Kim, J., Sitti, M., Seo, T.

Journal of Field Robotics, November 2014 (article)

Abstract
Climbing robots have been widely applied in many industries involving hard to access, dangerous, or hazardous environments to replace human workers. Climbing speed, payload capacity, the ability to overcome obstacles, and wall-to-wall transitioning are significant characteristics of climbing robots. Here, multilinked track wheel-type climbing robots are proposed to enhance these characteristics. The robots have been developed for five years in collaboration with three universities: Seoul National University, Carnegie Mellon University, and Yeungnam University. Four types of robots are presented for different applications with different surface attachment methods and mechanisms: MultiTank for indoor sites, Flexible caterpillar robot (FCR) and Combot for heavy industrial sites, and MultiTrack for high-rise buildings. The method of surface attachment is different for each robot and application, and the characteristics of the joints between links are designed as active or passive according to the requirement of a given robot. Conceptual design, practical design, and control issues of such climbing robot types are reported, and a proper choice of the attachment methods and joint type is essential for the successful multilink track wheel-type climbing robot for different surface materials, robot size, and computational costs.

pi

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Wenn es was zu sagen gibt

(Klaus Tschira Award 2014 in Computer Science)

Trimpe, S.

Bild der Wissenschaft, pages: 20-23, November 2014, (popular science article in German) (article)

am ics

PDF Project Page [BibTex]

PDF Project Page [BibTex]


{MoSh}: Motion and Shape Capture from Sparse Markers
MoSh: Motion and Shape Capture from Sparse Markers

Loper, M. M., Mahmood, N., Black, M. J.

ACM Transactions on Graphics, (Proc. SIGGRAPH Asia), 33(6):220:1-220:13, ACM, New York, NY, USA, November 2014 (article)

Abstract
Marker-based motion capture (mocap) is widely criticized as producing lifeless animations. We argue that important information about body surface motion is present in standard marker sets but is lost in extracting a skeleton. We demonstrate a new approach called MoSh (Motion and Shape capture), that automatically extracts this detail from mocap data. MoSh estimates body shape and pose together using sparse marker data by exploiting a parametric model of the human body. In contrast to previous work, MoSh solves for the marker locations relative to the body and estimates accurate body shape directly from the markers without the use of 3D scans; this effectively turns a mocap system into an approximate body scanner. MoSh is able to capture soft tissue motions directly from markers by allowing body shape to vary over time. We evaluate the effect of different marker sets on pose and shape accuracy and propose a new sparse marker set for capturing soft-tissue motion. We illustrate MoSh by recovering body shape, pose, and soft-tissue motion from archival mocap data and using this to produce animations with subtlety and realism. We also show soft-tissue motion retargeting to new characters and show how to magnify the 3D deformations of soft tissue to create animations with appealing exaggerations.

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pdf video data pdf from publisher link (url) DOI Project Page Project Page Project Page [BibTex]

pdf video data pdf from publisher link (url) DOI Project Page Project Page Project Page [BibTex]


Can I recognize my body’s weight? The influence of shape and texture on the perception of self
Can I recognize my body’s weight? The influence of shape and texture on the perception of self

Piryankova, I., Stefanucci, J., Romero, J., de la Rosa, S., Black, M., Mohler, B.

ACM Transactions on Applied Perception for the Symposium on Applied Perception, 11(3):13:1-13:18, September 2014 (article)

Abstract
The goal of this research was to investigate women’s sensitivity to changes in their perceived weight by altering the body mass index (BMI) of the participants’ personalized avatars displayed on a large-screen immersive display. We created the personalized avatars with a full-body 3D scanner that records both the participants’ body geometry and texture. We altered the weight of the personalized avatars to produce changes in BMI while keeping height, arm length and inseam fixed and exploited the correlation between body geometry and anthropometric measurements encapsulated in a statistical body shape model created from thousands of body scans. In a 2x2 psychophysical experiment, we investigated the relative importance of visual cues, namely shape (own shape vs. an average female body shape with equivalent height and BMI to the participant) and texture (own photo-realistic texture or checkerboard pattern texture) on the ability to accurately perceive own current body weight (by asking them ‘Is the avatar the same weight as you?’). Our results indicate that shape (where height and BMI are fixed) had little effect on the perception of body weight. Interestingly, the participants perceived their body weight veridically when they saw their own photo-realistic texture and significantly underestimated their body weight when the avatar had a checkerboard patterned texture. The range that the participants accepted as their own current weight was approximately a 0.83 to −6.05 BMI% change tolerance range around their perceived weight. Both the shape and the texture had an effect on the reported similarity of the body parts and the whole avatar to the participant’s body. This work has implications for new measures for patients with body image disorders, as well as researchers interested in creating personalized avatars for games, training applications or virtual reality.

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pdf DOI Project Page Project Page [BibTex]

pdf DOI Project Page Project Page [BibTex]


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Robotics and Neuroscience

Floreano, Dario, Ijspeert, Auke Jan, Schaal, S.

Current Biology, 24(18):R910-R920, sep 2014 (article)

am

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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3D to 2D bijection for spherical objects under equidistant fisheye projection

Ahmad, A., Xavier, J., Santos-Victor, J., Lima, P.

Computer Vision and Image Understanding, 125, pages: 172-183, August 2014 (article)

Abstract
The core problem addressed in this article is the 3D position detection of a spherical object of known-radius in a single image frame, obtained by a dioptric vision system consisting of only one fisheye lens camera that follows equidistant projection model. The central contribution is a bijection principle between a known-radius spherical object’s 3D world position and its 2D projected image curve, that we prove, thus establishing that for every possible 3D world position of the spherical object, there exists a unique curve on the image plane if the object is projected through a fisheye lens that follows equidistant projection model. Additionally, we present a setup for the experimental verification of the principle’s correctness. In previously published works we have applied this principle to detect and subsequently track a known-radius spherical object.

ps

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


Segmented molecular design of self-healing proteinaceous materials.
Segmented molecular design of self-healing proteinaceous materials.

Sariola, V., Pena-Francesch, A., Jung, H., Çetinkaya, M., Pacheco, C., Sitti, M., Demirel, M. C.

Scientific reports, 5, pages: 13482-13482, Nature Publishing Group, July 2014 (article)

Abstract
Hierarchical assembly of self-healing adhesive proteins creates strong and robust structural and interfacial materials, but understanding of the molecular design and structure–property relationships of structural proteins remains unclear. Elucidating this relationship would allow rational design of next generation genetically engineered self-healing structural proteins. Here we report a general self-healing and -assembly strategy based on a multiphase recombinant protein based material. Segmented structure of the protein shows soft glycine- and tyrosine-rich segments with self-healing capability and hard beta-sheet segments. The soft segments are strongly plasticized by water, lowering the self-healing temperature close to body temperature. The hard segments self-assemble into nanoconfined domains to reinforce the material. The healing strength scales sublinearly with contact time, which associates with diffusion and wetting of autohesion. The finding suggests that recombinant structural proteins from heterologous expression have potential as strong and repairable engineering materials.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]