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2007


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Statistical Consistency of Kernel Canonical Correlation Analysis

Fukumizu, K., Bach, F., Gretton, A.

Journal of Machine Learning Research, 8, pages: 361-383, February 2007 (article)

Abstract
While kernel canonical correlation analysis (CCA) has been applied in many contexts, the convergence of finite sample estimates of the associated functions to their population counterparts has not yet been established. This paper gives a mathematical proof of the statistical convergence of kernel CCA, providing a theoretical justification for the method. The proof uses covariance operators defined on reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces, and analyzes the convergence of their empirical estimates of finite rank to their population counterparts, which can have infinite rank. The result also gives a sufficient condition for convergence on the regularization coefficient involved in kernel CCA: this should decrease as n^{-1/3}, where n is the number of data.

ei

PDF [BibTex]

2007


PDF [BibTex]


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Machine Learning for Mass Production and Industrial Engineering

Pfingsten, T.

Biologische Kybernetik, Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany, February 2007 (phdthesis)

ei

PDF [BibTex]

PDF [BibTex]


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Some observations on the pedestal effect

Henning, G., Wichmann, F.

Journal of Vision, 7(1:3):1-15, January 2007 (article)

Abstract
The pedestal or dipper effect is the large improvement in the detectability of a sinusoidal grating observed when it is added to a masking or pedestal grating of the same spatial frequency, orientation, and phase. We measured the pedestal effect in both broadband and notched noiseVnoise from which a 1.5-octave band centered on the signal frequency had been removed. Although the pedestal effect persists in broadband noise, it almost disappears in the notched noise. Furthermore, the pedestal effect is substantial when either high- or low-pass masking noise is used. We conclude that the pedestal effect in the absence of notched noise results principally from the use of information derived from channels with peak sensitivities at spatial frequencies different from that of the signal and the pedestal. We speculate that the spatial-frequency components of the notched noise above and below the spatial frequency of the signal and the pedestal prevent ‘‘off-frequency looking,’’ that is, prevent the use of information about changes in contrast carried in channels tuned to spatial frequencies that are very much different from that of the signal and the pedestal. Thus, the pedestal or dipper effect measured without notched noise appears not to be a characteristic of individual spatial-frequency-tuned channels.

ei

PDF Web DOI [BibTex]

PDF Web DOI [BibTex]


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Development of a Brain-Computer Interface Approach Based on Covert Attention to Tactile Stimuli

Raths, C.

University of Tübingen, Germany, University of Tübingen, Germany, January 2007 (diplomathesis)

ei

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Cue Combination and the Effect of Horizontal Disparity and Perspective on Stereoacuity

Zalevski, AM., Henning, GB., Hill, NJ.

Spatial Vision, 20(1):107-138, January 2007 (article)

Abstract
Relative depth judgments of vertical lines based on horizontal disparity deteriorate enormously when the lines form part of closed configurations (Westheimer, 1979). In studies showing this effect, perspective was not manipulated and thus produced inconsistency between horizontal disparity and perspective. We show that stereoacuity improves dramatically when perspective and horizontal disparity are made consistent. Observers appear to use unhelpful perspective cues in judging the relative depth of the vertical sides of rectangles in a way not incompatible with a form of cue weighting. However, 95% confidence intervals for the weights derived for cues usually exceed the a-priori [0-1] range.

ei

PDF PDF DOI [BibTex]

PDF PDF DOI [BibTex]


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A Machine Learning Approach for Estimating the Attenuation Map for a Combined PET/MR Scanner

Hofmann, M.

Biologische Kybernetik, Max-Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen, Germany, 2007 (diplomathesis)

ei

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Frequency-domain displacement sensing with a fiber ring-resonator containing a variable gap

Vollmer, F., Fischer, P.

SENSORS AND ACTUATORS A-PHYSICAL, 134(2):410-413, 2007 (article)

Abstract
Ring-resonators are in general not amenable to strain-free (non-contact) displacement measurements. We show that this limitation may be overcome if the ring-resonator, here a fiber-loop, is designed to contain a gap, such that the light traverses a free-space part between two aligned waveguide ends. Displacements are determined with nanometer sensitivity by measuring the associated changes in the resonance frequencies. Miniaturization should increase the sensitivity of the ring-resonator interferometer. Ring geometries that contain an optical circulator can be used to profile reflective samples. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

pf

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Observation of the Faraday effect via beam deflection in a longitudinal magnetic field

Ghosh, A., Hill, W., Fischer, P.

PHYSICAL REVIEW A, 76(5), 2007 (article)

Abstract
We show that magnetic-field-induced circular differential deflection of light can be observed in reflection or refraction at a single interface. The difference in the reflection or refraction angles between the two circular polarization components is a function of the magnetic-field strength and the Verdet constant, and permits the observation of the Faraday effect not via polarization rotation in transmission, but via changes in the propagation direction. Deflection measurements do not suffer from n-pi ambiguities and are shown to be another means to map magnetic fields with high axial resolution, or to determine the sign and magnitude of magnetic-field pulses in a single measurement.

pf

DOI [BibTex]


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Circular differential double diffraction in chiral media

Ghosh, A., Fazal, F. M., Fischer, P.

OPTICS LETTERS, 32(13):1836-1838, 2007 (article)

Abstract
In an optically active liquid the diffraction angle depends on the circular polarization state of the incident light beam. We report the observation of circular differential diffraction in an isotropic chiral medium, and we demonstrate that double diffraction is an alternate means to determine the handedness (enantiomeric excess) of a solution. (c) 2007 Optical Society of America.

pf

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Bacterial flagella-based propulsion and on/off motion control of microscale objects

Behkam, B., Sitti, M.

Applied Physics Letters, 90(2):023902, AIP, 2007 (article)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Friction of partially embedded vertically aligned carbon nanofibers inside elastomers

Aksak, B., Sitti, M., Cassell, A., Li, J., Meyyappan, M., Callen, P.

Applied Physics Letters, 91(6):061906, AIP, 2007 (article)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Enhanced friction of elastomer microfiber adhesives with spatulate tips

Kim, S., Aksak, B., Sitti, M.

Applied Physics Letters, 91(22):221913, AIP, 2007 (article)

pi

Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


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The new robotics - towards human-centered machines

Schaal, S.

HFSP Journal Frontiers of Interdisciplinary Research in the Life Sciences, 1(2):115-126, 2007, clmc (article)

Abstract
Research in robotics has moved away from its primary focus on industrial applications. The New Robotics is a vision that has been developed in past years by our own university and many other national and international research instiutions and addresses how increasingly more human-like robots can live among us and take over tasks where our current society has shortcomings. Elder care, physical therapy, child education, search and rescue, and general assistance in daily life situations are some of the examples that will benefit from the New Robotics in the near future. With these goals in mind, research for the New Robotics has to embrace a broad interdisciplinary approach, ranging from traditional mathematical issues of robotics to novel issues in psychology, neuroscience, and ethics. This paper outlines some of the important research problems that will need to be resolved to make the New Robotics a reality.

am

link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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On the theory of magnetization dynamics of non-collinear spin systems in the s-d model

De Angeli, L.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2007 (mastersthesis)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Zur ab-initio Elektronentheorie des Magnetismus bei endlichen Temperaturen

Dietermann, F.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2007 (mastersthesis)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Röntgenzirkulardichroische Untersuchungen an ferromagnetischen verdünnten Halbleitersystemen

Tietze, T.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2007 (mastersthesis)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Low-dimensional Fe on vicinal Ir(997): Growth and magnetic properties

Kawwam, M.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2007 (mastersthesis)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Micromagnetic simulations of switching processes and the role of thermal fluctuations

Macke, S.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2007 (mastersthesis)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Hydrogen storage in metal-organic frameworks

Hirscher, M., Panella, B.

{Scripta Materialia}, 56, pages: 809-812, 2007 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Substrate-induced current anisotropy in YBa2Cu3O7-δthin films

Djupmyr, M., Albrecht, J.

{Physica C}, 460-462, pages: 1190-1191, 2007 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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A micellar approach to magnetic ultrahigh-density data-storage media: extending the limits of current colloidal methods

Ethirajan, A., Wiedwald, U., Boyen, H.-G., Kern, B., Han, L., Klimmer, A., Weigl, F., Kästle, G., Ziemann, P., Fauth, K., Cai, J., Behm, J., Romanyuk, A., Oelhafen, P., Walther, P., Biskupek, J., Kaiser, U.

{Advanced Materials}, 19, pages: 406-410, 2007 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Size dependence in the magnetization reversal of Fe/Gd multilayers on self-assembled arrays of nanospheres

Amaladass, E., Ludescher, B., Schütz, G., Tyliszczak, T., Eimüller, T.

{Applied Physics Letters}, 91, 2007 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Ma\ssgeschneiderte Wasserstoffspeicher

Hirscher, M., Panella, B.

{Nachrichten aus der Gdch-Energieinitiative}, (Sonderheft April 2007):12-13, 2007 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Reconstruction of historical alloys for pipe organs brings true Baroque music back to life.

Baretzky, B., Friesel, M., Straumal, B.

{MRS Bulletin}, 32, pages: 249-255, 2007 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Analysis of results from X-ray magnetic reflectometry for magnetic multilayer systems

Fähnle, M., Steiauf, D., Martosiswoyo, L., Goering, E., Brück, S., Schütz, G.

{Physical Review B}, 75, 2007 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Dramatic role of critical current anisotropy on flux avalanches in MgB2 films

Albrecht, J., Matveev, A. T., Strempfer, J., Habermeier, H.-U., Shantsev, D. V., Galperin, Y. M., Johansen, T. H.

{Physical Review Letters}, 98, 2007 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Transport properties of LCMO/YBCO hybrid structures

Soltan, S., Albrecht, J., Habermeier, H.-U.

{Materials Science and Engineering B}, 144, pages: 15-18, 2007 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Microscale and nanoscale robotics systems [grand challenges of robotics]

Sitti, M.

IEEE Robotics \& Automation Magazine, 14(1):53-60, IEEE, 2007 (article)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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A new biomimetic adhesive for therapeutic capsule endoscope applications in the gastrointestinal tract

Glass, P., Sitti, M., Appasamy, R.

Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, 65(5):AB91, Mosby, 2007 (article)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Visual servoing-based autonomous 2-D manipulation of microparticles using a nanoprobe

Onal, C. D., Sitti, M.

IEEE Transactions on control systems technology, 15(5):842-852, IEEE, 2007 (article)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Physisorption von Wasserstoff in neuen Materialien mit gro\sser spezifischer Oberfläche

Schmitz, B.

Universität Bonn, Bonn, 2007 (mastersthesis)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Cluster expansions in multicomponent systems: precise expansions from noisy databases

Diaz-Ortiz, A., Dosch, H., Drautz, R.

{Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter}, 19, 2007 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Towards spin injection into silicon

Dash, S. P.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2007 (phdthesis)

mms

link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Bestimmung der kritischen Schichtdicken ferromagnetischer Plättchen für Eindomänenverhalten

Soehnle, S.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2007 (mastersthesis)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Unusual propagation of magnetic avalanches in gold covered MgB2

Albrecht, J., Matveev, A. T., Habermeier, H.-U.

{Physica C}, 460-462, pages: 1245-1246, 2007 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Lowering of the L10 ordering temperature of FePt nanoparticles by He+ ion irradiation

Wiedwald, U., Klimmer, A., Kern, B., Han, L., Boyen, H.-G., Ziemann, P., Fauth, K.

{Applied Physics Letters}, 90, 2007 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Magnetic core shell nanoparticles characterized by X-ray absorption and magnetic circular dichroism

Fauth, K.

{Modern Physics Letters B}, 21(18):1179-1187, 2007 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Magnetic moment of Fe in oxide-free FePt nanoparticles

Dmitrieva, O., Spasova, M., Antoniak, C., Acet, M., Dumpich, G., Kästner, J., Farle, M., Fauth, K., Wiedwald, U., Boyen, H.-G., Ziemann, P.

{Physical Review B}, 76, 2007 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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The effect of bismuth segregation on the faceting of \Sigma3 and \Sigma9 coincidence boundaries in copper bicrystals

Straumal, B. B., Polyakov, S. A., Chang, L.-S., Mittemeijer, E. J.

{International Journal of Materials Research}, 98, pages: 451-456, 2007 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Hot isostatic pressing of Cu-Bi polycrystals with liquid-like grain boundary layers

Chang, L.-S., Straumal, B., Rabkin, E., Lojkowski, W., Gust, W.

{Acta Materialia}, 55, pages: 335-343, 2007 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Spatially resolved magnetic response in core shell nanoparticles

Fauth, K., Goering, E., Theil Kuhn, L.

{Modern Physics Letters B}, 21(18):1197-1200, 2007 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Interfaces in semiconductor/metal radial superlattices

Deneke, C., Sigle, W., Eigenthaler, U., van Aken, P. A., Schütz, G., Schmidt, O. G.

{Applied Physics Letters}, 90, 2007 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Live cell adhesion assay with attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy

Schmidt, M., Wolfram, T., Rumpler, M., Tripp, C. P., Grunze, M.

{Biointerphases}, 2(1):1-5, 2007 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Unusual Co moment reduction in the NiCoO/Co exchange bias system

Brück, S., Goering, E., Tang, Y. J., Schütz, G., Berkowitz, A. E.

{Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials}, 310, pages: 2316-2318, 2007 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Adhesion of biologically inspired vertical and angled polymer microfiber arrays

Aksak, B., Murphy, M. P., Sitti, M.

Langmuir, 23(6):3322-3332, ACS Publications, 2007 (article)

pi

Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


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Waalbot: An agile small-scale wall-climbing robot utilizing dry elastomer adhesives

Murphy, M. P., Sitti, M.

IEEE/ASME transactions on Mechatronics, 12(3):330-338, IEEE, 2007 (article)

pi

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Zeitaufgelöste Röntgenmikroskopie an magnetischen Mikrostrukturen

Puzic, A.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2007 (phdthesis)

mms

link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Ab initio calculations of adiabatic magnon spectra using the atomic-sphere aproximation for the spin direction

Singer, R., Dietermann, F., Steiauf, D., Fähnle, M.

{Physical Review B}, 76, 2007 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]