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2001


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Biomimetic gaze stabilization based on feedback-error learning with nonparametric regression networks

Shibata, T., Schaal, S.

Neural Networks, 14(2):201-216, 2001, clmc (article)

Abstract
Oculomotor control in a humanoid robot faces similar problems as biological oculomotor systems, i.e. the stabilization of gaze in face of unknown perturbations of the body, selective attention, stereo vision, and dealing with large information processing delays. Given the nonlinearities of the geometry of binocular vision as well as the possible nonlinearities of the oculomotor plant, it is desirable to accomplish accurate control of these behaviors through learning approaches. This paper develops a learning control system for the phylogenetically oldest behaviors of oculomotor control, the stabilization reflexes of gaze. In a step-wise procedure, we demonstrate how control theoretic reasonable choices of control components result in an oculomotor control system that resembles the known functional anatomy of the primate oculomotor system. The core of the learning system is derived from the biologically inspired principle of feedback-error learning combined with a state-of-the-art non-parametric statistical learning network. With this circuitry, we demonstrate that our humanoid robot is able to acquire high performance visual stabilization reflexes after about 40 s of learning despite significant nonlinearities and processing delays in the system.

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link (url) [BibTex]


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Interpretation of ab initio total energy results in a chemical language: II. Stability of TiAl3 and ScAl3

Bester, G., Fähnle, M.

{Journal of Physics-Condensed Matter}, 13(50):11551-11565, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Atomic defects in FeCo: Stabilization of the B2 structure by magnetism

Neumayer, M., Fähnle, M.

{Physical Review B}, 64(13), 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Hydrogen desorption property of mechanically prepared nanostructured graphite

Orimo, S., Matsushima, T., Fujii, H., Fukunaga, T., Majer, G.

{Journal of Applied Physics}, 90(3):1545-1549, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Positron annihilation in stable and supercooled metallic melts

Seeger, A., Siegle, A., Stoll, H.

{Zeitschrift f\"ur Metallkunde}, 92(7):632-644, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Structural vacancies in B2 CoAl and NiAl

Meyer, B., Bester, G., Fähnle, M.

{Scripta Materialia}, 44(10):2485-2488, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Nonlinear magnetoelastic effects in ultrathin epitaxial FCC Co(001) films: an ab initio study

Komelj, M., Fähnle, M.

{Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials}, 224(1):L1-L4, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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X-ray magnetic circular dichroism - a universal tool for magnetic investigations

Goering, E., Will, J., Geissler, J., Justen, M., Weigand, F., Schütz, G.

{Journal of Alloys and Compounds}, 328, pages: 14-19, 2001 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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A full field transmission X-ray microscope as a tool for high-resolution magnetic imaging

Denbeaux, G., Fischer, P., Kusinski, G., Le Gros, M., Pearson, A., Attwood, D.

{IEEE Transactions on Magnetics}, 37, pages: 2764-2766, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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The six-jump diffusion cycles in B2-compounds

Drautz, R., Meyer, B., Fähnle, M.

{Defect and Diffusion Forum}, 194-199, pages: 417-422, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Atomic defects and electronic structure of B2FeAl, CoAl and NiAl

Fähnle, M., Meyer, B., Bester, G., Majer, J., Börnsen, N.

{Defect and Diffusion Forum}, 194-199, pages: 279-285, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Fast learning of biomimetic oculomotor control with nonparametric regression networks (in Japanese)

Shibata, T., Schaal, S.

Journal of the Robotics Society of Japan, 19(4):468-479, 2001, clmc (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Bouncing a ball: Tuning into dynamic stability

Sternad, D., Duarte, M., Katsumata, H., Schaal, S.

Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 27(5):1163-1184, 2001, clmc (article)

Abstract
Rhythmically bouncing a ball with a racket was investigated and modeled with a nonlinear map. Model analyses provided a variable defining a dynamically stable solution that obviates computationally expensive corrections. Three experiments evaluated whether dynamic stability is optimized and what perceptual support is necessary for stable behavior. Two hypotheses were tested: (a) Performance is stable if racket acceleration is negative at impact, and (b) variability is lowest at an impact acceleration between -4 and -1 m/s2. In Experiment 1 participants performed the task, eyes open or closed, bouncing a ball confined to a 1-dimensional trajectory. Experiment 2 eliminated constraints on racket and ball trajectory. Experiment 3 excluded visual or haptic information. Movements were performed with negative racket accelerations in the range of highest stability. Performance with eyes closed was more variable, leaving acceleration unaffected. With haptic information, performance was more stable than with visual information alone.

am

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Wing transmission for a micromechanical flying insect

Yan, J., Avadhanula, S., Birch, J., Dickinson, M., Sitti, M., Su, T., Fearing, R.

Journal of Micromechatronics, 1(3):221-237, Brill, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Spontaneous L12 order at Ni90Al10(110) surfaces: An X-ray and first-principles-calculation study

Drautz, R., Reichert, H., Fähnle, M., Dosch, H., Sanchez, J. M.

{Physical Review Letters}, 87(23), 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Magnetic viscosity and demagnetization behaviour in isotropic nanocrystalline Pr12Fe82B6 ribbons

Zhang, H. W., Zhang, S. Y., Shen, B. G., Goll, D., Kronmüller, H.

{Chinese Physics}, 10(12):1169-1171, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Strain relaxation and internal friction in the range of the glass transition

Ege, M., Ulfert, W., Kronmüller, H.

{Zeitschrift f\"ur Metallkunde}, 92(7):690-694, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Hardness-depth profiling on nanometer scale

Kunert, M., Baretzky, B., Baker, S. P., Mittemeijer, E. J.

{Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A-Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science}, 32(5):1201-1209, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Compound formation and abrasion resistance of ion-implanted Ti6Al4V

Schmidt, H., Schminke, A., Schmiedgen, M., Baretzky, B.

{Acta Materialia}, 49(3):487-495, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Influence of vortex-vortex interaction on critical currents across low-angle grain boundaries in YBa2Cu3O7-δthin films

Albrecht, J., Leonhardt, S., Kronmüller, H.

{Physical Review B}, 63, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Structure of superconducting [BaCuOx]2/[CaCuO2]n superlattices on SrTiO3(001) investigated by x-ray scattering

Aruta, C., Zegenhagen, J., Cowie, B., Balestrino, G., Pasquini, G., Medaglia, P. G., Ricci, F., Luebbert, D., Baumbach, T., Riedo, E., Ortega, L., Kremer, R., Albrecht, J.

{Physica Status Solidi (A)}, 183, pages: 353-364, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Transmission X-ray microscopy using X-MCD

Eimüller, T., Fischer, P., Köhler, M., Scholz, M., Guttmann, P., Denbeaux, G., Glück, S., Bayreuther, G., Schmahl, G., Attwood, D., Schütz, G.

{Applied Physics A}, 73, pages: 697-701, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Soft X-ray microscopy to 25 nm with applications to biology and magnetic materials

Denbeaux, G., Anderson, E., Chao, W., Eimüller, T., Johnson, L., Köhler, M., Larabell, C., Legros, M., Fischer, P., Pearson, A., Schütz, G., Yager, D., Attwood, D.

{Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A}, 467-468, pages: 841-844, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Study of in-plane magnetic domains with magnetic transmission X-ray microscopy

Fischer, P., Eimüller, T., Schütz, G., Köhler, M., Bayreuther, G., Denbeaux, G., Attwood, D.

{Journal of Applied Physics}, 89, pages: 7159-7161, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Influence of vortex-vortex interaction on critical currents across low-angle grain boundaries in YBa2Cu3O7-δthin films

Albrecht, J., Leonhardt, S., Kronmüller, H.

{Physical Review B}, 63, 2001 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Non-symmetric influences in the total electron yield X-ray magnetic circular dichroism signal in applied magnetic fields

Goering, E., Gold, S., Bayer, A., Schütz, G.

{Journal of Synchrotron Radiation}, 8, pages: 434-436, 2001 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Effect of Ga substitution on the magnetocrystalline anisotropy of arc-melted Sm2Co17-xGax (x\textequals5,6) compounds

Liang, B., Kleinschroth, I., Kronmüller, H.

{Journal of Applied Physics}, 89(1):488-491, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Biomimetic oculomotor control

Shibata, T., Vijayakumar, S., Conradt, J., Schaal, S.

Adaptive Behavior, 9(3/4):189-207, 2001, clmc (article)

Abstract
Oculomotor control in a humanoid robot faces similar problems as biological oculomotor systems, i.e., capturing targets accurately on a very narrow fovea, dealing with large delays in the control system, the stabilization of gaze in face of unknown perturbations of the body, selective attention, and the complexity of stereo vision. In this paper, we suggest control circuits to realize three of the most basic oculomotor behaviors and their integration - the vestibulo-ocular and optokinetic reflex (VOR-OKR) for gaze stabilization, smooth pursuit for tracking moving objects, and saccades for overt visual attention. Each of these behaviors and the mechanism for their integration was derived with inspiration from computational theories as well as behavioral and physiological data in neuroscience. Our implementations on a humanoid robot demonstrate good performance of the oculomotor behaviors, which proves to be a viable strategy to explore novel control mechanisms for humanoid robotics. Conversely, insights gained from our models have been able to directly influence views and provide new directions for computational neuroscience research.

am

link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Irradiation-induced electron tunnelling and small-polaron hopping in single-crystalline YIG

Walz, F., Brabers, J. H. V. J., Torres, L., Kronmüller, H.

{Physica Status Solidi B-Basic Research}, 228(3):717-730, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Hexagonally ordered 100 nm period nickel nanowire arrays

Nielsch, K., Wehrspohn, R. B., Barthel, J., Kirschner, J., Gösele, U., Fischer, S. F., Kronmüller, H.

{Applied Physics Letters}, 79(9):1360-1362, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Magnetization processes in isotropic and textured Nd2Fe14B- films

Melsheimer, A., Kronmüller, H.

{Physica B}, 299(3-4):251-259, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Critical magnetic properties of disordered Cr-rich FeCr alloys

Fischer, S. F., Kaul, S. N., Kronmüller, H.

{Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials}, 226(Sp. Iss. SI):540-541, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Fast ab initio methods for the calculation of adiabatic spin wave spectra in complex systems

Grotheer, O., Ederer, C., Fähnle, M.

{Physical Review B}, 63(10):100401-100401, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Hydrogen storage in sonicated carbon materials

Hirscher, M., Becher, M., Haluska, M., Dettlaff-Weglikowska, U., Quintel, A., Duesberg, G. S., Choi, Y. M., Downes, P., Hulman, M., Roth, S., Stepanek, I., Bernier, P.

{Applied Physics A-Materials Science \& Processing}, 72(2):129-132, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Co(NH3)2Cl2 and Co(ND3)2Cl2: Order-Disorder Behaviour of N(H,D)3 and Antiferromagnetic Structure

Leineweber, A., Jacobs, H., E\ssmann, P., Allenspach, F., Fauth, F., Fischer, P.

{Zeitschrift f\"ur Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie}, 627, pages: 2063-2069, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Critical magnetic properties of disordered polycrystalline Fe75Fe25 and Cr70Fe30 alloys

Fischer, S. F., Kaul, S. N., Kronmüller, H.

{Physical Review B}, 65, 2001 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Diffusion of 23Na and 35K in the eutectic melt Na0.32K0.69

Feinauer, A., Majer, G.

{Physical Review B}, 64, 2001 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Influence of nanocrystallization on the evolution of domain patterns and the magnetoimpedance effect in amorphous Fe73.5Cu1Nb3Si13.5B9 ribbons

Guo, H. Q., Kronmüller, H., Dragon, T., Cheng, Z. H., Shen, B. G.

{Journal of Applied Physics}, 89(1):514-520, 2001 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Ab-initio statistical mechanics for the phase diagram of NiAl including the effect of vacancies

Lechermann, F., Fähnle, M.

{Physica Status Solidi (B)}, 224, pages: R4-R6, 2001 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]

1993


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Design concurrent calculation: A CAD- and data-integrated approach

Schaal, S., Ehrlenspiel, K.

Journal of Engineering Design, 4, pages: 71-85, 1993, clmc (article)

Abstract
Besides functional regards, product design demands increasingly more for further reaching considerations. Quality alone cannot suffice anymore to compete in the market; design for manufacturability, for assembly, for recycling, etc., are well-known keywords. Those can largely be reduced to the necessity of design for costs. This paper focuses on a CAD-based approach to design concurrent calculation. It will discuss how, in the meantime well-established, tools like feature technology, knowledge-based systems, and relational databases can be blended into one coherent concept to achieve an entirely CAD- and data-integrated cost information tool. This system is able to extract data from the CAD-system, combine it with data about the company specific manufacturing environment, and subsequently autonomously evaluate manufacturability aspects and costs of the given CAD-model. Within minutes the designer gets quantitative in-formation about the major cost sources of his/her design. Additionally, some alternative methods for approximating manu-facturing times from empirical data, namely neural networks and local weighted regression, are introduced.

am

[BibTex]

1993


[BibTex]