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2012


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An SVD-Based Approach for Ghost Detection and Removal in High Dynamic Range Images

Srikantha, A., Sidibe, D., Meriaudeau, F.

International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR), pages: 380-383, November 2012 (article)

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pdf [BibTex]

2012


pdf [BibTex]


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Coupled Action Recognition and Pose Estimation from Multiple Views

Yao, A., Gall, J., van Gool, L.

International Journal of Computer Vision, 100(1):16-37, October 2012 (article)

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publisher's site code pdf Project Page Project Page Project Page [BibTex]

publisher's site code pdf Project Page Project Page Project Page [BibTex]


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Evaluation of Tactile Feedback Methods for Wrist Rotation Guidance

Stanley, A. A., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

IEEE Transactions on Haptics, 5(3):240-251, July 2012 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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DRAPE: DRessing Any PErson

Guan, P., Reiss, L., Hirshberg, D., Weiss, A., Black, M. J.

ACM Trans. on Graphics (Proc. SIGGRAPH), 31(4):35:1-35:10, July 2012 (article)

Abstract
We describe a complete system for animating realistic clothing on synthetic bodies of any shape and pose without manual intervention. The key component of the method is a model of clothing called DRAPE (DRessing Any PErson) that is learned from a physics-based simulation of clothing on bodies of different shapes and poses. The DRAPE model has the desirable property of "factoring" clothing deformations due to body shape from those due to pose variation. This factorization provides an approximation to the physical clothing deformation and greatly simplifies clothing synthesis. Given a parameterized model of the human body with known shape and pose parameters, we describe an algorithm that dresses the body with a garment that is customized to fit and possesses realistic wrinkles. DRAPE can be used to dress static bodies or animated sequences with a learned model of the cloth dynamics. Since the method is fully automated, it is appropriate for dressing large numbers of virtual characters of varying shape. The method is significantly more efficient than physical simulation.

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YouTube pdf talk Project Page Project Page [BibTex]

YouTube pdf talk Project Page Project Page [BibTex]


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Ghost Detection and Removal for High Dynamic Range Images: Recent Advances

Srikantha, A., Sidib’e, D.

Signal Processing: Image Communication, 27, pages: 650-662, July 2012 (article)

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pdf link (url) [BibTex]

pdf link (url) [BibTex]


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Visual Servoing on Unknown Objects

Gratal, X., Romero, J., Bohg, J., Kragic, D.

Mechatronics, 22(4):423-435, Elsevier, June 2012, Visual Servoing \{SI\} (article)

Abstract
We study visual servoing in a framework of detection and grasping of unknown objects. Classically, visual servoing has been used for applications where the object to be servoed on is known to the robot prior to the task execution. In addition, most of the methods concentrate on aligning the robot hand with the object without grasping it. In our work, visual servoing techniques are used as building blocks in a system capable of detecting and grasping unknown objects in natural scenes. We show how different visual servoing techniques facilitate a complete grasping cycle.

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Grasping sequence video Offline calibration video Pdf DOI [BibTex]

Grasping sequence video Offline calibration video Pdf DOI [BibTex]


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Visual Orientation and Directional Selectivity Through Thalamic Synchrony

Stanley, G., Jin, J., Wang, Y., Desbordes, G., Wang, Q., Black, M., Alonso, J.

Journal of Neuroscience, 32(26):9073-9088, June 2012 (article)

Abstract
Thalamic neurons respond to visual scenes by generating synchronous spike trains on the timescale of 10–20 ms that are very effective at driving cortical targets. Here we demonstrate that this synchronous activity contains unexpectedly rich information about fundamental properties of visual stimuli. We report that the occurrence of synchronous firing of cat thalamic cells with highly overlapping receptive fields is strongly sensitive to the orientation and the direction of motion of the visual stimulus. We show that this stimulus selectivity is robust, remaining relatively unchanged under different contrasts and temporal frequencies (stimulus velocities). A computational analysis based on an integrate-and-fire model of the direct thalamic input to a layer 4 cortical cell reveals a strong correlation between the degree of thalamic synchrony and the nonlinear relationship between cortical membrane potential and the resultant firing rate. Together, these findings suggest a novel population code in the synchronous firing of neurons in the early visual pathway that could serve as the substrate for establishing cortical representations of the visual scene.

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preprint publisher's site Project Page [BibTex]

preprint publisher's site Project Page [BibTex]


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Bilinear Spatiotemporal Basis Models

Akhter, I., Simon, T., Khan, S., Matthews, I., Sheikh, Y.

ACM Transactions on Graphics (TOG), 31(2):17, ACM, April 2012 (article)

Abstract
A variety of dynamic objects, such as faces, bodies, and cloth, are represented in computer graphics as a collection of moving spatial landmarks. Spatiotemporal data is inherent in a number of graphics applications including animation, simulation, and object and camera tracking. The principal modes of variation in the spatial geometry of objects are typically modeled using dimensionality reduction techniques, while concurrently, trajectory representations like splines and autoregressive models are widely used to exploit the temporal regularity of deformation. In this article, we present the bilinear spatiotemporal basis as a model that simultaneously exploits spatial and temporal regularity while maintaining the ability to generalize well to new sequences. This factorization allows the use of analytical, predefined functions to represent temporal variation (e.g., B-Splines or the Discrete Cosine Transform) resulting in efficient model representation and estimation. The model can be interpreted as representing the data as a linear combination of spatiotemporal sequences consisting of shape modes oscillating over time at key frequencies. We apply the bilinear model to natural spatiotemporal phenomena, including face, body, and cloth motion data, and compare it in terms of compaction, generalization ability, predictive precision, and efficiency to existing models. We demonstrate the application of the model to a number of graphics tasks including labeling, gap-filling, denoising, and motion touch-up.

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pdf project page link (url) [BibTex]

pdf project page link (url) [BibTex]


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Creating realistic virtual textures from contact acceleration data

Romano, J. M., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

IEEE Transactions on Haptics, 5(2):109-119, April 2012, Cover article (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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A metric for comparing the anthropomorphic motion capability of artificial hands

Feix, T., Romero, J., Ek, C. H., Schmiedmayer, H., Kragic, D.

IEEE RAS Transactions on Robotics, TRO, pages: 974-980, 2012 (article)

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Publisher site Human Grasping Database Project [BibTex]

Publisher site Human Grasping Database Project [BibTex]


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The Ankyrin 3 (ANK3) Bipolar Disorder Gene Regulates Psychiatric-related Behaviors that are Modulated by Lithium and Stress

Leussis, M., Berry-Scott, E., Saito, M., Jhuang, H., Haan, G., Alkan, O., Luce, C., Madison, J., Sklar, P., Serre, T., Root, D., Petryshen, T.

Biological Psychiatry , 2012 (article)

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Prepublication Article Abstract [BibTex]

Prepublication Article Abstract [BibTex]


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Vortex dynamics in nonparabolic potentials

Langner, H. H., Kamionka, T., Martens, M., Weigand, M., Adolff, C. F., Merkt, U., Meier, G.

{Physical Review B}, 85(17), 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Micromagnetic simulations on GPU, a case study: Vortex core switcing by high-frequency magnetic fields

Van de Wiele, B, Vansteenkiste, A., Kammerer, M., Van Waeyenberge, B., Dupré, L., De Zutter, D.

{IEEE Transactions on Magnetics}, 48(6):2068-2072, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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On the energetics of transversal and longitudinal fluctuations of atomic magnetic moments

Dietermann, F., Sandratskii, L. M., Fähnle, M.

{Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials}, 324(18):2693-2695, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Gradual softening of Al-Zn alloys during high-pressure torsion

Mazilkin, A. A., Straumal, B. B., Borodachenkova, M. V., Valiev, R. Z., Kogtenkova, O. A., Baretzky, B.

{Materials Letters}, 84, pages: 63-65, North-Holland, Amsterdam, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Direct imaging of phase relation in a pair of coupled vortex oscillators

Vogel, A., Drews, A., Weigand, M., Meier, G.

{AIP Advances}, 2, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Accurate dosimetry in scanning transmission X-ray microscopes via the cross-linking threshold dose of poly(methyl methacrylate)

Leontowich, A. F. G., Hitchcock, A. P., Tyliszczak, T., Weigand, M., Wang, J., Karunakaran, C.

{Journal of Synchrotron Radiation}, 19(6):976-987, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Biogenic potassium salt particles as seeds for secondary organic aerosal in the amazon

Pöhlker, C., Wiedemann, K. T., Sinha, B., Shiraiwa, M., Gunthe, S. S., Smith, M., Su, H., Artaxo, P., Chen, Q., Cheng, Y., Elbert, W., Gilles, M. K., Kilcoyne, A. L. D., Moffet, R. C., Weigand, M., Martin, S. T., Pöschl, U., Andreae, M. O.

{Science}, 337, pages: 1075-1078, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Metal@COFs: Covalent organic frameworks as templates for Pd nanoparticles and hydrogen storage properties of Pd@COF-102 hybrid material

Kalidindi, S. B., Oh, H., Hirscher, M., Esken, D., Wiktor, C., Turner, S., Van Tendeloo, G., Fischer, R. A.

{Chemistry-a European Journal}, 18(35):10848-10856, VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, Weinheim, Germany, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Ion beam lithography for direct patterning of high accuracy large area X-ray elements in gold on membranes

Nadzeyka, A., Peto, L., Bauerdick, S., Mayer, M., Keskinbora, K., Grévent, C., Weigand, M., Hirscher, M., Schütz, G.

{Microelectronic Engineering}, 98, pages: 198-201, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Micro- and nanoscale fluid flow on chemical channels

Dörfler, Fabian, Rauscher, Markus, Koplik, Joel, Harting, Jens, Dietrich, S.

{Soft Matter}, 8(35):9221-9234, 2012 (article)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Novel characterization of the adsorption sites in large pore Metal-Organic Frameworks: Combination of X-ray powder diffraction and thermal desorption spectroscopy

Soleimani Dorcheh, A., Dinnebier, R. E., Kuc, A., Magdysyuk, O., Adams, F., Denysenko, D., Heine, T., Volkmer, D., Donner, W., Hirscher, M.

{Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics}, 14(37):12892-12897, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Tunnel contacts for spin injection into silicon: The Si-Co interface with and without a MgO tunnel barrier - A study by high-resolution Rutherford backscattering

Dash, S. P., Goll, D., Kopold, P., Carstanjen, H. D.

{Advances in Materials Science and Engineering}, 2012, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Fast spin-wave-mediated magnetic vortex core reversal

Kammerer, M., Stoll, H., Noske, M., Sproll, M., Weigand, M., Illg, C., Woltersdorf, G., Fähnle, M., Back, C., Schütz, G.

{Physical Review B}, 86(13), 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Deformation-driven formation of equilibrium phases in the Cu-Ni alloys

Straumal, B. B., Protasova, S. G., Mazilkin, A. A., Rabkin, E., Goll, D., Schütz, G., Baretzky, B., Valiev, R. Z.

{Journal of Materials Science}, 47, pages: 360-367, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Nanosponges for hydrogen storage

Schlichtenmayer, M., Hirscher, M.

{Journal of Materials Chemistry}, 22, pages: 10134-10143, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Magnetic and electronic properties of the interface between half metallic Fe3O4 and semiconducting ZnO

Brück, S., Paul, M., Tian, H., Müller, A., Kufer, D., Praetorius, C., Fauth, K., Audehm, P., Goering, E., Verbeeck, J., Van Tendeloo, G., Sing, M., Claessen, R.

{Applied Physics Letters}, 100, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Amorphous interlayers between crystalline grains in ferromagnetic ZnO films

Straumal, B. B., Protasova, S. G., Mazilkin, A. A., Baretzky, B., Myatiev, A. A., Straumal, P. B., Tietze, T., Schütz, G., Goering, E.

{Materials Letters}, 71, pages: 21-24, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Accelerated diffusion and phase transformations in Co-Cu alloys driven by the severe plastic deformation

Straumal, B. B., Mazilkin, A. A., Baretzky, B., Schütz, G., Rabkin, E., Valiev, R. Z.

{Special Issue on Advanced Materials Science in Bulk Nanostructured Metals}, 53(1):63-71, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Unusual flux jumps above 12 K in non-homogeneous MgB2 thin films

Treiber, S., Stahl, C., Schütz, G., Albrecht, J.

{Superconductor Science \& Technology}, 25, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Ferromagnetism of nanostructured zinc oxide films

Straumal, B. B., Mazilkin, A. A., Protasova, S. G., Straumal, P. B., Myatiev, A. A., Schütz, G., Goering, E., Baretzky, B.

{The Physics of Metals and Metallography}, 113(13):1244-1256, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Frequencies and polarization vectors of phonons: Results from force constants which are fitted to experimental data or calculated ab initio

Illg, C., Meyer, B., Fähnle, M.

{Physical Review B}, 86(17), Published by the American Physical Society through the American Institute of Physics, Woodbury, NY, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Grain boundary wetting by a second solid phase in the Zr-Nb alloys

Straumal, B. B., Gornakova, A. S., Kucheev, Y. O., Baretzky, B., Nekrasov, A. N.

{Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance}, 21(5):721-724, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Grain boundary wetting in the NdFeB-based hard magnetic alloys

Straumal, B. B., Kucheev, Y. O., Yatskovskaya, I. L., Mogilnikova, I. V., Schütz, G., Nekrasov, A. N., Baretzky, B.

{Journal of Materials Science}, 47(24):8352-8359, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Natural Metrics and Least-Committed Priors for Articulated Tracking

Soren Hauberg, Stefan Sommer, Kim S. Pedersen

Image and Vision Computing, 30(6-7):453-461, Elsevier, 2012 (article)

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Publishers site Code PDF [BibTex]

Publishers site Code PDF [BibTex]


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Construct Validity of Instrument Vibrations as a Measure of Robotic Surgical Skill

Gomez, E. D., Bark, K., Rivera, C., McMahan, W., Remington, A., Lee, D. I., Williams, N., Murayama, K., Dumon, K., Kuchenbecker, K. J.

Journal of the American College of Surgeons, 215(3):S119-120, Chicago, Illinois, USA, 2012, Oral presentation given by Gomez at the {\em American College of Surgeons (ACS) Clinical Congress} (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Magnetic proximity effect in YBa2Cu3O7 / La2/3Ca1/3MnO3 and YBa2Cu3O7 / LaMnO3+δsuperlattices

Satapathy, D. K., Uribe-Laverde, M. A., Marozau, I., Malik, V. K., Das, S., Wagner, T., Marcelot, C., Stahn, J., Brück, S., Rühm, A., Macke, S., Tietze, T., Goering, E., Frañó, A., Kim, J., Wu, M., Benckiser, E., Keimer, B., Devishvili, A., Toperverg, B. P., Merz, M., Nagel, P., Schuppler, S., Bernhard, C.

{Physical Review Letters}, 108, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Noble gases and microporous frameworks; from interaction to application

Soleimani Dorcheh, A., Denysenko, D., Volkmer, D., Donner, W., Hirscher, M.

{Microporous and Mesoporous Materials}, 162, pages: 64-68, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Note: Unique characterization possibilities in the ultra high vacuum scanning transmission x-ray microscope (UHV-STXM) "MAXYMUS" using a rotatable permanent magnetic field up to 0.22 T

Nolle, D., Weigand, M., Audehm, P., Goering, E., Wiesemann, U., Wolter, C., Nolle, E., Schütz, G.

{Review of Scientific Instruments}, 83(4), 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]


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Microstructure and superconducting properties of MgB2 films prepared by solid state reaction of multilayer precursors of the elements

Kugler, B., Stahl, C., Treiber, S., Soltan, S., Haug, S., Schütz, G., Albrecht, J.

{Thin Solid Films}, 520, pages: 6985-6988, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]

2003


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Learning the statistics of people in images and video

Sidenbladh, H., Black, M. J.

International Journal of Computer Vision, 54(1-3):183-209, August 2003 (article)

Abstract
This paper address the problems of modeling the appearance of humans and distinguishing human appearance from the appearance of general scenes. We seek a model of appearance and motion that is generic in that it accounts for the ways in which people's appearance varies and, at the same time, is specific enough to be useful for tracking people in natural scenes. Given a 3D model of the person projected into an image we model the likelihood of observing various image cues conditioned on the predicted locations and orientations of the limbs. These cues are taken to be steered filter responses corresponding to edges, ridges, and motion-compensated temporal differences. Motivated by work on the statistics of natural scenes, the statistics of these filter responses for human limbs are learned from training images containing hand-labeled limb regions. Similarly, the statistics of the filter responses in general scenes are learned to define a “background” distribution. The likelihood of observing a scene given a predicted pose of a person is computed, for each limb, using the likelihood ratio between the learned foreground (person) and background distributions. Adopting a Bayesian formulation allows cues to be combined in a principled way. Furthermore, the use of learned distributions obviates the need for hand-tuned image noise models and thresholds. The paper provides a detailed analysis of the statistics of how people appear in scenes and provides a connection between work on natural image statistics and the Bayesian tracking of people.

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pdf pdf from publisher code DOI [BibTex]

2003


pdf pdf from publisher code DOI [BibTex]


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A framework for robust subspace learning

De la Torre, F., Black, M. J.

International Journal of Computer Vision, 54(1-3):117-142, August 2003 (article)

Abstract
Many computer vision, signal processing and statistical problems can be posed as problems of learning low dimensional linear or multi-linear models. These models have been widely used for the representation of shape, appearance, motion, etc., in computer vision applications. Methods for learning linear models can be seen as a special case of subspace fitting. One draw-back of previous learning methods is that they are based on least squares estimation techniques and hence fail to account for “outliers” which are common in realistic training sets. We review previous approaches for making linear learning methods robust to outliers and present a new method that uses an intra-sample outlier process to account for pixel outliers. We develop the theory of Robust Subspace Learning (RSL) for linear models within a continuous optimization framework based on robust M-estimation. The framework applies to a variety of linear learning problems in computer vision including eigen-analysis and structure from motion. Several synthetic and natural examples are used to develop and illustrate the theory and applications of robust subspace learning in computer vision.

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pdf code pdf from publisher Project Page [BibTex]

pdf code pdf from publisher Project Page [BibTex]


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Guest editorial: Computational vision at Brown

Black, M. J., Kimia, B.

International Journal of Computer Vision, 54(1-3):5-11, August 2003 (article)

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pdf pdf from publisher [BibTex]

pdf pdf from publisher [BibTex]


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Robust parameterized component analysis: Theory and applications to 2D facial appearance models

De la Torre, F., Black, M. J.

Computer Vision and Image Understanding, 91(1-2):53-71, July 2003 (article)

Abstract
Principal component analysis (PCA) has been successfully applied to construct linear models of shape, graylevel, and motion in images. In particular, PCA has been widely used to model the variation in the appearance of people's faces. We extend previous work on facial modeling for tracking faces in video sequences as they undergo significant changes due to facial expressions. Here we consider person-specific facial appearance models (PSFAM), which use modular PCA to model complex intra-person appearance changes. Such models require aligned visual training data; in previous work, this has involved a time consuming and error-prone hand alignment and cropping process. Instead, the main contribution of this paper is to introduce parameterized component analysis to learn a subspace that is invariant to affine (or higher order) geometric transformations. The automatic learning of a PSFAM given a training image sequence is posed as a continuous optimization problem and is solved with a mixture of stochastic and deterministic techniques achieving sub-pixel accuracy. We illustrate the use of the 2D PSFAM model with preliminary experiments relevant to applications including video-conferencing and avatar animation.

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pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


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Mixing in Cu/Ge system by swift heavy ions

Kumar, S., Chauhan, R. S., Singh, R. P., Kabiraj, D., Sahoo, P. K., Rumbolz, C., Srivastava, S. K., Bolse, W., Avasthi, D. K.

{Nuclear Instruments \& Methods in Physics Research Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms}, 212, pages: 242-245, 2003 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Magnetic properties of [NdFeBx/Nbz]n multilayer films

Tsai, J. L., Chin, T. S., Yao, Y. D., Melsheimer, A., Fischer, S. F., Dragon, T., Kelsch, M., Kronmüller, H.

{Journal of Applied Physics}, 93(10):6915-6917, 2003 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Analysis of the temperature dependence of the coercive field of Sm2Co17 based magnets

Kronmüller, H., Goll, D.

{Scripta Materialia}, 48(7):833-838, 2003 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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NMR studies of hydrogen motion in nanostructured hydrogen-graphite systems

Majer, G., Stanik, E., Orimo, S.

{Journal of Alloys and Compounds}, 356-357, pages: 617-621, 2003 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]