Header logo is


2010


Thumb xl graspimagesmall
Decoding complete reach and grasp actions from local primary motor cortex populations

(Featured in Nature’s Research Highlights (Nature, Vol 466, 29 July 2010))

Vargas-Irwin, C. E., Shakhnarovich, G., Yadollahpour, P., Mislow, J., Black, M. J., Donoghue, J. P.

J. of Neuroscience, 39(29):9659-9669, July 2010 (article)

ps

pdf pdf from publisher Movie 1 Movie 2 Project Page [BibTex]

2010


pdf pdf from publisher Movie 1 Movie 2 Project Page [BibTex]


Thumb xl ijcvcoverhd
Guest editorial: State of the art in image- and video-based human pose and motion estimation

Sigal, L., Black, M. J.

International Journal of Computer Vision, 87(1):1-3, March 2010 (article)

ps

pdf from publisher [BibTex]

pdf from publisher [BibTex]


Thumb xl humanevaimagesmall2
HumanEva: Synchronized video and motion capture dataset and baseline algorithm for evaluation of articulated human motion

Sigal, L., Balan, A., Black, M. J.

International Journal of Computer Vision, 87(1):4-27, Springer Netherlands, March 2010 (article)

Abstract
While research on articulated human motion and pose estimation has progressed rapidly in the last few years, there has been no systematic quantitative evaluation of competing methods to establish the current state of the art. We present data obtained using a hardware system that is able to capture synchronized video and ground-truth 3D motion. The resulting HumanEva datasets contain multiple subjects performing a set of predefined actions with a number of repetitions. On the order of 40,000 frames of synchronized motion capture and multi-view video (resulting in over one quarter million image frames in total) were collected at 60 Hz with an additional 37,000 time instants of pure motion capture data. A standard set of error measures is defined for evaluating both 2D and 3D pose estimation and tracking algorithms. We also describe a baseline algorithm for 3D articulated tracking that uses a relatively standard Bayesian framework with optimization in the form of Sequential Importance Resampling and Annealed Particle Filtering. In the context of this baseline algorithm we explore a variety of likelihood functions, prior models of human motion and the effects of algorithm parameters. Our experiments suggest that image observation models and motion priors play important roles in performance, and that in a multi-view laboratory environment, where initialization is available, Bayesian filtering tends to perform well. The datasets and the software are made available to the research community. This infrastructure will support the development of new articulated motion and pose estimation algorithms, will provide a baseline for the evaluation and comparison of new methods, and will help establish the current state of the art in human pose estimation and tracking.

ps

pdf pdf from publisher [BibTex]

pdf pdf from publisher [BibTex]


Thumb xl ncomm fig2
Automated Home-Cage Behavioral Phenotyping of Mice

Jhuang, H., Garrote, E., Mutch, J., Poggio, T., Steele, A., Serre, T.

Nature Communications, Nature Communications, 2010 (article)

ps

software, demo pdf [BibTex]

software, demo pdf [BibTex]


no image
Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions in systems with fabrication induced strain gradients: ab-initio study

Beck, P., Fähnle, M

{Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials}, 322, pages: 3701-3703, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
On the nature of displacement bursts during nanoindentation of ultrathin Ni films on sapphire

Rabkin, E., Deuschle, J. K., Baretzky, B.

{Acta Materialia}, 58, pages: 1589-1598, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Nanospheres generate out-of-plane magnetization

Amaladass, E., Ludescher, B., Schütz, G., Tyliszczak, T., Lee, M., Eimüller, T.

{Journal of Applied Physics}, 107, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Temperature dependence of the magnetic properties of L10-FePt nanostructures and films

Bublat, T., Goll, D.

{Journal of Applied Physics}, 108(11), 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Magnetic properties of Fe nanoclusters on Cu(111) studied with X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Fauth, K., Ballentine, G., Praetorius, C., Kleibert, A., Wilken, N., Voitkans, A., Meiwes-Broer, K.-H.

{Physica Status Solidi B}, 247(5):1170-1179, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


Thumb xl jampani10 msr
ImageFlow: Streaming Image Search

Jampani, V., Ramos, G., Drucker, S.

MSR-TR-2010-148, Microsoft Research, Redmond, 2010 (techreport)

Abstract
Traditional grid and list representations of image search results are the dominant interaction paradigms that users face on a daily basis, yet it is unclear that such paradigms are well-suited for experiences where the user‟s task is to browse images for leisure, to discover new information or to seek particular images to represent ideas. We introduce ImageFlow, a novel image search user interface that ex-plores a different alternative to the traditional presentation of image search results. ImageFlow presents image results on a canvas where we map semantic features (e.g., rele-vance, related queries) to the canvas‟ spatial dimensions (e.g., x, y, z) in a way that allows for several levels of en-gagement – from passively viewing a stream of images, to seamlessly navigating through the semantic space and ac-tively collecting images for sharing and reuse. We have implemented our system as a fully functioning prototype, and we report on promising, preliminary usage results.

ps

url pdf link (url) [BibTex]

url pdf link (url) [BibTex]


no image
Nanoscale imaging using deep ultraviolet digital holographic microscopy

Faridian, A., Hopp, D., Pedrini, G., Eigenthaler, U., Hirscher, M., Osten, W.

{Optics Express}, 18(13):14159-14164, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Metal-organic frameworks for hydrogen storage

Hirscher, M., Panella, B., Schmitz, B.

{Microporous and Mesoporous Materials}, 129, pages: 335-339, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Samarium-cobalt 2:17 magnets: analysis of the coercive field of Sm2(CoFeCuZr)17 high-temperature permanent magnets

Goll, D., Stadelmaier, H. H., Kronmüller, H.

{Scripta Materialia}, 63, pages: 243-245, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Low-temperature growth of silicon nanotubes and nanowires on amorphous substrates

Mbenkum, B. N., Schneider, A. S., Schütz, G., Xu, C., Richter, G., van Aken, P. A., Majer, G., Spatz, J. P.

{ACS Nano}, 4(4):1805-1812, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Formation and mobility of protonic charge carriers in methyl sulfonic acid-water mixtures: A model for sulfonic acid based ionomers at low degree of hydration

Telfah, A., Majer, G., Kreuer, K. D., Schuster, M., Maier, J.

{Solid State Ionics}, 181, pages: 461-465, 2010 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


no image
Continuous photobleaching to study the growth modes of focal adhesions

de Beer, A. G. F., Majer, G., Roke, S., Spatz, J. P.

{Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology}, 24, pages: 2323-2334, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Magnetic antivortex-core reversal by circular-rotational spin currents

Kamionka, T., Martens, M., Chou, K. W., Curcic, M., Drews, A., Schütz, G., Tyliszczak, T., Stoll, H., Van Waeyenberge, B., Meier, G.

{Physical Review Letters}, 105, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Extension of Yafet\textquotesingles theory of spin relaxation to ferromagnets

Steiauf, D., Illg, C., Fähnle, M.

{Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials}, 322, pages: L5-L7, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


Thumb xl thumb screen shot 2012 10 06 at 12.00.36 pm
Visual Object-Action Recognition: Inferring Object Affordances from Human Demonstration

Kjellström, H., Romero, J., Kragic, D.

Computer Vision and Image Understanding, pages: 81-90, 2010 (article)

ps

Pdf [BibTex]

Pdf [BibTex]


no image
Lateral transport of thermal capillary waves

Smith, T. H. R., Vasilyev, O., Maciolek, A., Schmidt, M.

{Europhysics Letters}, 89(1), 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
The formation and propagation of flux avalanches in tailored MgB2 films

Treiber, S., Albrecht, J.

{New Journal of Physics}, 12, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Direct imaging of current induced magnetic vortex gyration in an asymmetric potential well

Bisig, A., Rhensius, J., Kammerer, M., Curcic, M., Stoll, H., Schütz, G., Van Waeyenberge, B., Chou, K. W., Tyliszczak, T., Heyderman, L. J., Krzyk, S., von Bieren, A., Kläui, M.

{Applied Physics Letters}, 96, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Induced magnetism of carbon atoms at the graphene/Ni(111) interface

Weser, M., Rehder, Y., Horn, K., Sicot, M., Fonin, M., Preobrajenski, A. B., Voloshina, E. N., Goering, E., Dedkov, Y. S.

{Applied Physics Letters}, 96, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Photon counting system for time-resolved experiments in multibunch mode

Puzic, A., Korhonen, T., Kalantari, B., Raabe, J., Quitmann, C., Jüllig, P., Bommer, L., Goll, D., Schütz, G., Wintz, S., Strache, T., Körner, M., Markó, D., Bunce, C., Fassbender, J.

{Synchrotron Radiation News}, 23(2):26-32, 2010 (article)

mms

link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


no image
Coupling of Fe and uncompensated Mn moments in exchange-biased Fe/MnPd

Brück, S., Macke, S., Goering, E., Ji, X., Zhan, Q., Krishnan, K. M.

{Physical Review B}, 81(13), 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Remarks about spillover and hydrogen adsorption - Comments on the contributions of A.V. Talyzin and R.T. Yang

Hirscher, M.

{Microporous and Mesoporous Materials}, 135, pages: 209-210, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Grain boundary ridges and triple lines

Straumal, B. B., Sursaeva, V. G., Baretzky, B.

{Scripta Materialia}, 62(12):924-927, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Expanding micelle nanolithography to the self-assembly of multicomponent core-shell nanoparticles

Mbenkum, B. N., D\’\iaz-Ortiz, A., Gu, L., van Aken, P. A., Schütz, G.

{Journal of the American Chemical Society}, 132(31):10671-10673, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Hydrogen spillover measurements of unbridged and bridged metal-organic frameworks - revisited

Campesi, R., Cuevas, F., Latroche, M., Hirscher, M.

{Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics}, 12, pages: 10457-10459, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Relating Gilbert damping and ultrafast laser-induced demagnetization

Fähnle, M., Seib, J., Illg, C.

{Physical Review B}, 82, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Ferromagnetic properties of the Mn-doped nanograined ZnO films

Straumal, B. B., Protasova, S. G., Mazilkin, A. A., Myatiev, A. A., Straumal, P. B., Schütz, G., Goering, E., Baretzky, B.

{Journal of Applied Physics}, 108, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Ubiquity of ferromagnetic signals in common diamagnetic oxide crystals

Khalid, M., Setzer, A., Ziese, M., Esquinazi, P., Spemann, D., Pöppl, A., Goering, E.

{Physical Review B}, 81(21), 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Calculation of the Gilbert damping matrix at low scattering rates in Gd

Seib, J., Fähnle, M.

{Physical Review B}, 82, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Swift heavy ions for controlled modification of soft magnetic properties of Fe0.85N0.15 thin film

Gupta, R., Gupta, A., Bhatt, R., Rüffer, R., Avasthi, D. K.

{Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter}, 22(22), 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Laterally driven interfaces in the three-dimensional Ising lattice gas

Smith, T. H. R., Vasilyev, O., Maciolek, A., Schmidt, M.

{Physical Review E}, 82(2), 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Samarium-cobalt 2:17 magnets: identifying Smn+1Co5n-1 phases stabilized by Zr

Stadelmaier, H. H., Kronmüller, H., Goll, D.

{Scripta Materialia}, 63, pages: 843-846, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparancy for plasmonic sensing

Liu, N., Weiss, T., Mesch, M., Langguth, L., Eigenthaler, U., Hirscher, M., Sönnichsen, C., Giessen, H.

{Nano Letters}, 10, pages: 1103-1107, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Explaining the paradoxical diversity of ultrafast last-induced demagnetization

Koopmans, B., Malinowski, G., Dalla Longa, F., Steiauf, D., Fähnle, M., Roth, T., Cinchetti, M., Aeschlimann, M.

{Nature Materials}, 9, pages: 259-265, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
A high heat of adsorption for hydrogen in magnesium formate

Schmitz, B., Krkljus, I., Leung, E., Höffken, H. W., Müller, U., Hirscher, M.

{ChemSusChem}, 3, pages: 758-761, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Force induced destabilization of adhesion complexes at defined integrin spacings on nanostructured surfaces

de Beer, A. G. F., Cavalcanti-Adam, E. A., Majer, G., López-Garc\’\ia, M., Kessler, H., Spatz, J. P.

{Physical Review E}, 81, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Anisotropic damping of the magnetization dynamics in Ni, Co, and Fe

Gilmore, K., Stiles, M. D., Seib, J., Steiauf, D., Fähnle, M.

{Physical Review B}, 81, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Influence of [Mo6Br8F6]2- cluster inclusion within the mesoporous solid MIL-101 on hydrogen storage performance

Dybtsev, D., Serre, C., Schmitz, B., Panella, B., Hirscher, M., Latroche, M., Llewellyn, P. L., Cordier, S., Molard, Y., Haouas, M., Taulelle, F., Férey, G.

{Langmuir}, 26(13):11283-11290, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
Grain boundary layers in nanocrystalline ferromagnetic zinc oxide

Straumal, B. B., Myatiev, A. A., Straumal, P. B., Mazilkin, A. A., Protasova, S. G., Goering, E., Baretzky, B.

{JETP Letters}, 92(6):396-400, 2010 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]

2007


no image
Learning static Gestalt laws through dynamic experience

Ostrovsky, Y., Wulff, J., Sinha, P.

Journal of Vision, 7(9):315-315, ARVO, June 2007 (article)

Abstract
The Gestalt laws (Wertheimer 1923) are widely regarded as the rules that help us parse the world into objects. However, it is unclear as to how these laws are acquired by an infant's visual system. Classically, these “laws” have been presumed to be innate (Kellman and Spelke 1983). But, more recent work in infant development, showing the protracted time-course over which these grouping principles emerge (e.g., Johnson and Aslin 1995; Craton 1996), suggests that visual experience might play a role in their genesis. Specifically, our studies of patients with late-onset vision (Project Prakash; VSS 2006) and evidence from infant development both point to an early role of common motion cues for object grouping. Here we explore the possibility that the privileged status of motion in the developmental timeline is not happenstance, but rather serves to bootstrap the learning of static Gestalt cues. Our approach involves computational analyses of real-world motion sequences to investigate whether primitive optic flow information is correlated with static figural cues that could eventually come to serve as proxies for grouping in the form of Gestalt principles. We calculated local optic flow maps and then examined how similarity of motion across image patches co-varied with similarity of certain figural properties in static frames. Results indicate that patches with similar motion are much more likely to have similar luminance, color, and orientation as compared to patches with dissimilar motion vectors. This regularity suggests that, in principle, common motion extracted from dynamic visual experience can provide enough information to bootstrap region grouping based on luminance and color and contour continuation mechanisms in static scenes. These observations, coupled with the cited experimental studies, lend credence to the hypothesis that static Gestalt laws might be learned through a bootstrapping process based on early dynamic experience.

ps

link (url) DOI [BibTex]

2007


link (url) DOI [BibTex]


Thumb xl pedestal
Neuromotor prosthesis development

Donoghue, J., Hochberg, L., Nurmikko, A., Black, M., Simeral, J., Friehs, G.

Medicine & Health Rhode Island, 90(1):12-15, January 2007 (article)

Abstract
Article describes a neuromotor prosthesis (NMP), in development at Brown University, that records human brain signals, decodes them, and transforms them into movement commands. An NMP is described as a system consisting of a neural interface, a decoding system, and a user interface, also called an effector; a closed-loop system would be completed by a feedback signal from the effector to the brain. The interface is based on neural spiking, a source of information-rich, rapid, complex control signals from the nervous system. The NMP described, named BrainGate, consists of a match-head sized platform with 100 thread-thin electrodes implanted just into the surface of the motor cortex where commands to move the hand emanate. Neural signals are decoded by a rack of computers that displays the resultant output as the motion of a cursor on a computer monitor. While computer cursor motion represents a form of virtual device control, this same command signal could be routed to a device to command motion of paralyzed muscles or the actions of prosthetic limbs. The researchers’ overall goal is the development of a fully implantable, wireless multi-neuron sensor for broad research, neural prosthetic, and human neurodiagnostic applications.

ps

pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Thumb xl ijcvflow2
On the spatial statistics of optical flow

Roth, S., Black, M. J.

International Journal of Computer Vision, 74(1):33-50, 2007 (article)

Abstract
We present an analysis of the spatial and temporal statistics of "natural" optical flow fields and a novel flow algorithm that exploits their spatial statistics. Training flow fields are constructed using range images of natural scenes and 3D camera motions recovered from hand-held and car-mounted video sequences. A detailed analysis of optical flow statistics in natural scenes is presented and machine learning methods are developed to learn a Markov random field model of optical flow. The prior probability of a flow field is formulated as a Field-of-Experts model that captures the spatial statistics in overlapping patches and is trained using contrastive divergence. This new optical flow prior is compared with previous robust priors and is incorporated into a recent, accurate algorithm for dense optical flow computation. Experiments with natural and synthetic sequences illustrate how the learned optical flow prior quantitatively improves flow accuracy and how it captures the rich spatial structure found in natural scene motion.

ps

pdf preprint pdf from publisher [BibTex]

pdf preprint pdf from publisher [BibTex]


no image
Hydrogen storage in metal-organic frameworks

Hirscher, M., Panella, B.

{Scripta Materialia}, 56, pages: 809-812, 2007 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


no image
Substrate-induced current anisotropy in YBa2Cu3O7-δthin films

Djupmyr, M., Albrecht, J.

{Physica C}, 460-462, pages: 1190-1191, 2007 (article)

mms

DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


no image
A micellar approach to magnetic ultrahigh-density data-storage media: extending the limits of current colloidal methods

Ethirajan, A., Wiedwald, U., Boyen, H.-G., Kern, B., Han, L., Klimmer, A., Weigl, F., Kästle, G., Ziemann, P., Fauth, K., Cai, J., Behm, J., Romanyuk, A., Oelhafen, P., Walther, P., Biskupek, J., Kaiser, U.

{Advanced Materials}, 19, pages: 406-410, 2007 (article)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]