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2005


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Nonlinear optical spectroscopy of chiral molecules

Fischer, P., Hache, F.

CHIRALITY, 17(8):421-437, 2005 (article)

Abstract
We review nonlinear optical processes that are specific to chiral molecules in solution and on surfaces. In contrast to conventional natural optical activity phenomena, which depend linearly on the electric field strength of the optical field, we discuss how optical processes that are nonlinear (quadratic, cubic, and quartic) functions of the electromagnetic field strength may probe optically active centers and chiral vibrations. We show that nonlinear techniques open entirely new ways of exploring chirality in chemical and biological systems: The cubic processes give rise to nonlinear circular dichroism and nonlinear optical rotation and make it possible to observe dynamic chiral processes at ultrafast time scales. The quadratic second-harmonic and sum-frequency-generation phenomena and the quartic processes may arise entirely in the electric-dipole approximation and do not require the use of circularly polarized light to detect chirality: They provide surface selectivity and their observables can be relatively much larger than in linear optical activity. These processes also give rise to the generation of light at a new color, and in liquids this frequency conversion only occurs if the solution is optically active. We survey recent chiral nonlinear optical experiments and give examples of their application to problems of biophysical interest. (C) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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DOI [BibTex]

2005


DOI [BibTex]


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Negative refraction at optical frequencies in nonmagnetic two-component molecular media

Chen, Y., Fischer, P., Wise, F.

PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 95(6), 2005 (article)

Abstract
There is significant motivation to develop media with negative refractive indices at optical frequencies, but efforts in this direction are hampered by the weakness of the magnetic response at such frequencies. We show theoretically that a nonmagnetic medium with two atomic or molecular constituents can exhibit a negative refractive index. A negative index is possible even when the real parts of both the permittivity and permeability are positive. This surprising result provides a route to isotropic negative-index media at optical frequencies.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Modeling and testing of a biomimetic flagellar propulsion method for microscale biomedical swimming robots

Behkam, B., Sitti, M.

In Proceedings of Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics Conference, pages: 37-42, 2005 (inproceedings)

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Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


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Biologically inspired adhesion based surface climbing robots

Menon, C., Sitti, M.

In Robotics and Automation, 2005. ICRA 2005. Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Conference on, pages: 2715-2720, 2005 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Claytronics: highly scalable communications, sensing, and actuation networks

Aksak, Burak, Bhat, Preethi Srinivas, Campbell, Jason, DeRosa, Michael, Funiak, Stanislav, Gibbons, Phillip B, Goldstein, Seth Copen, Guestrin, Carlos, Gupta, Ashish, Helfrich, Casey, others

In Proceedings of the 3rd international conference on Embedded networked sensor systems, pages: 299-299, 2005 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Biologically Inspired Miniature Water Strider Robot.

Suhr, S. H., Song, Y. S., Lee, S. J., Sitti, M.

In Robotics: Science and Systems, pages: 319-326, 2005 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Polymer micro/nanofiber fabrication using micro/nanopipettes

Nain, A. S., Amon, C., Sitti, M.

In Nanotechnology, 2005. 5th IEEE Conference on, pages: 366-369, 2005 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Fusion of biomedical microcapsule endoscope and microsystem technology

Kim, Tae Song, Kim, Byungkyu, Cho, Dongil Dan, Song, Si Young, Dario, P, Sitti, M

In Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems, 2005. Digest of Technical Papers. TRANSDUCERS’05. The 13th International Conference on, 1, pages: 9-14, 2005 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Atomic force microscope based two-dimensional assembly of micro/nanoparticles

Tafazzoli, A., Pawashe, C., Sitti, M.

In Assembly and Task Planning: From Nano to Macro Assembly and Manufacturing, 2005.(ISATP 2005). The 6th IEEE International Symposium on, pages: 230-235, 2005 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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A new endoscopic microcapsule robot using beetle inspired microfibrillar adhesives

Cheung, E., Karagozler, M. E., Park, S., Kim, B., Sitti, M.

In Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics. Proceedings, 2005 IEEE/ASME International Conference on, pages: 551-557, 2005 (inproceedings)

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Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]

2001


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Isotropic second-order nonlinear optical susceptibilities

Fischer, P., Buckingham, A., Albrecht, A.

PHYSICAL REVIEW A, 64(5), 2001 (article)

Abstract
The second-order nonlinear optical susceptibility, in the electric dipole approximation, is only nonvanishing for materials that are noncentrosymmetric. Should the medium be isotropic, then only a chiral system. such as an optically active liquid, satisfies this symmetry requirement. We derive the quantum-mechanical form of the isotropic component of the sum- and difference-frequency susceptibility and discuss its unusual spectral properties. We show that any coherent second-order nonlinear optical process in a system of randomly oriented molecules requires the medium to be chiral. and the incident frequencies to be different and nonzero. Furthermore, a minimum of two nondegenerate excited molecular states are needed for the isotropic part of the susceptibility to be nonvanishing. The rotationally invariant susceptibility is zero in the static field limit and shows exceptionally sensitive resonance and dephasing effects that are particular to chiral centers.

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DOI [BibTex]

2001


DOI [BibTex]


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Reply to “Comment on ‘Phenomenological damping in optical response tensors’”

Buckingham, A., Fischer, P.

PHYSICAL REVIEW A, 63(4), 2001 (article)

Abstract
We show that damping factors must not be incorporated in the perturbation of the ground state by a static electric field. If they are included, as in the theory of Stedman et al. {[}preceding Comment. Phys. Rev. A 63, 047801 (2001)], then there would be an electric dipole in the y direction induced in a hydrogen atom in the M-s = + 1/2 state by a static electric field in the x direction. Such a dipole is excluded by symmetry.

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DOI [BibTex]


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Survey of nanomanipulation systems

Sitti, M.

In Nanotechnology, 2001. IEEE-NANO 2001. Proceedings of the 2001 1st IEEE Conference on, pages: 75-80, 2001 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Nanotribological characterization system by AFM based controlled pushing

Sitti, M.

In Nanotechnology, 2001. IEEE-NANO 2001. Proceedings of the 2001 1st IEEE Conference on, pages: 99-104, 2001 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Towards flapping wing control for a micromechanical flying insect

Yan, J., Wood, R. J., Avadhanula, S., Sitti, M., Fearing, R. S.

In Robotics and Automation, 2001. Proceedings 2001 ICRA. IEEE International Conference on, 4, pages: 3901-3908, 2001 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Man-machine interface for micro/nano manipulation with an afm probe

Aruk, B., Hashimoto, H., Sitti, M.

In Nanotechnology, 2001. IEEE-NANO 2001. Proceedings of the 2001 1st IEEE Conference on, pages: 151-156, 2001 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Development of PZT and PZN-PT based unimorph actuators for micromechanical flapping mechanisms

Sitti, M., Campolo, D., Yan, J., Fearing, R. S.

In Robotics and Automation, 2001. Proceedings 2001 ICRA. IEEE International Conference on, 4, pages: 3839-3846, 2001 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Thorax Design and Wing Control for a Micromechanical Flying Insect

Yan, J, Ayadhanula, S, Sitti, M, Wood, RJ, Fearing, RS

In PROCEEDINGS OF THE ANNUAL ALLERTON CONFERENCE ON COMMUNICATION CONTROL AND COMPUTING, 39(2):952-961, 2001 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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PZT actuated four-bar mechanism with two flexible links for micromechanical flying insect thorax

Sitti, M.

In Robotics and Automation, 2001. Proceedings 2001 ICRA. IEEE International Conference on, 4, pages: 3893-3900, 2001 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Wing transmission for a micromechanical flying insect

Yan, J., Avadhanula, S., Birch, J., Dickinson, M., Sitti, M., Su, T., Fearing, R.

Journal of Micromechatronics, 1(3):221-237, Brill, 2001 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Development of a scaled teleoperation system for nano scale interaction and manipulation

Sitti, M., Aruk, B., Shintani, H., Hashimoto, H.

In Robotics and Automation, 2001. Proceedings 2001 ICRA. IEEE International Conference on, 1, pages: 860-867, 2001 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]