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2012


Virtual Human Bodies with Clothing and Hair: From Images to Animation
Virtual Human Bodies with Clothing and Hair: From Images to Animation

Guan, P.

Brown University, Department of Computer Science, December 2012 (phdthesis)

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pdf [BibTex]

2012


pdf [BibTex]


An SVD-Based Approach for Ghost Detection and Removal in High Dynamic Range Images
An SVD-Based Approach for Ghost Detection and Removal in High Dynamic Range Images

Srikantha, A., Sidibe, D., Meriaudeau, F.

International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR), pages: 380-383, November 2012 (article)

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pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Coupled Action Recognition and Pose Estimation from Multiple Views
Coupled Action Recognition and Pose Estimation from Multiple Views

Yao, A., Gall, J., van Gool, L.

International Journal of Computer Vision, 100(1):16-37, October 2012 (article)

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publisher's site code pdf Project Page Project Page Project Page [BibTex]

publisher's site code pdf Project Page Project Page Project Page [BibTex]


{DRAPE: DRessing Any PErson}
DRAPE: DRessing Any PErson

Guan, P., Reiss, L., Hirshberg, D., Weiss, A., Black, M. J.

ACM Trans. on Graphics (Proc. SIGGRAPH), 31(4):35:1-35:10, July 2012 (article)

Abstract
We describe a complete system for animating realistic clothing on synthetic bodies of any shape and pose without manual intervention. The key component of the method is a model of clothing called DRAPE (DRessing Any PErson) that is learned from a physics-based simulation of clothing on bodies of different shapes and poses. The DRAPE model has the desirable property of "factoring" clothing deformations due to body shape from those due to pose variation. This factorization provides an approximation to the physical clothing deformation and greatly simplifies clothing synthesis. Given a parameterized model of the human body with known shape and pose parameters, we describe an algorithm that dresses the body with a garment that is customized to fit and possesses realistic wrinkles. DRAPE can be used to dress static bodies or animated sequences with a learned model of the cloth dynamics. Since the method is fully automated, it is appropriate for dressing large numbers of virtual characters of varying shape. The method is significantly more efficient than physical simulation.

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YouTube pdf talk Project Page Project Page [BibTex]

YouTube pdf talk Project Page Project Page [BibTex]


Ghost Detection and Removal for High Dynamic Range Images: Recent Advances
Ghost Detection and Removal for High Dynamic Range Images: Recent Advances

Srikantha, A., Sidib’e, D.

Signal Processing: Image Communication, 27, pages: 650-662, July 2012 (article)

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pdf link (url) [BibTex]

pdf link (url) [BibTex]


From Pixels to Layers: Joint Motion Estimation and Segmentation
From Pixels to Layers: Joint Motion Estimation and Segmentation

Sun, D.

Brown University, Department of Computer Science, July 2012 (phdthesis)

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pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Entropy Search for Information-Efficient Global Optimization
Entropy Search for Information-Efficient Global Optimization

Hennig, P., Schuler, C.

Journal of Machine Learning Research, 13, pages: 1809-1837, -, June 2012 (article)

Abstract
Contemporary global optimization algorithms are based on local measures of utility, rather than a probability measure over location and value of the optimum. They thus attempt to collect low function values, not to learn about the optimum. The reason for the absence of probabilistic global optimizers is that the corresponding inference problem is intractable in several ways. This paper develops desiderata for probabilistic optimization algorithms, then presents a concrete algorithm which addresses each of the computational intractabilities with a sequence of approximations and explicitly adresses the decision problem of maximizing information gain from each evaluation.

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PDF Web Project Page [BibTex]

PDF Web Project Page [BibTex]


Visual Servoing on Unknown Objects
Visual Servoing on Unknown Objects

Gratal, X., Romero, J., Bohg, J., Kragic, D.

Mechatronics, 22(4):423-435, Elsevier, June 2012, Visual Servoing \{SI\} (article)

Abstract
We study visual servoing in a framework of detection and grasping of unknown objects. Classically, visual servoing has been used for applications where the object to be servoed on is known to the robot prior to the task execution. In addition, most of the methods concentrate on aligning the robot hand with the object without grasping it. In our work, visual servoing techniques are used as building blocks in a system capable of detecting and grasping unknown objects in natural scenes. We show how different visual servoing techniques facilitate a complete grasping cycle.

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Grasping sequence video Offline calibration video Pdf DOI [BibTex]

Grasping sequence video Offline calibration video Pdf DOI [BibTex]


Visual Orientation and Directional Selectivity Through Thalamic Synchrony
Visual Orientation and Directional Selectivity Through Thalamic Synchrony

Stanley, G., Jin, J., Wang, Y., Desbordes, G., Wang, Q., Black, M., Alonso, J.

Journal of Neuroscience, 32(26):9073-9088, June 2012 (article)

Abstract
Thalamic neurons respond to visual scenes by generating synchronous spike trains on the timescale of 10–20 ms that are very effective at driving cortical targets. Here we demonstrate that this synchronous activity contains unexpectedly rich information about fundamental properties of visual stimuli. We report that the occurrence of synchronous firing of cat thalamic cells with highly overlapping receptive fields is strongly sensitive to the orientation and the direction of motion of the visual stimulus. We show that this stimulus selectivity is robust, remaining relatively unchanged under different contrasts and temporal frequencies (stimulus velocities). A computational analysis based on an integrate-and-fire model of the direct thalamic input to a layer 4 cortical cell reveals a strong correlation between the degree of thalamic synchrony and the nonlinear relationship between cortical membrane potential and the resultant firing rate. Together, these findings suggest a novel population code in the synchronous firing of neurons in the early visual pathway that could serve as the substrate for establishing cortical representations of the visual scene.

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preprint publisher's site Project Page [BibTex]

preprint publisher's site Project Page [BibTex]


An Analysis of Successful Approaches to Human Pose Estimation
An Analysis of Successful Approaches to Human Pose Estimation

Lassner, C.

An Analysis of Successful Approaches to Human Pose Estimation, University of Augsburg, University of Augsburg, May 2012 (mastersthesis)

Abstract
The field of Human Pose Estimation is developing fast and lately leaped forward with the release of the Kinect system. That system reaches a very good perfor- mance for pose estimation using 3D scene information, however pose estimation from 2D color images is not solved reliably yet. There is a vast amount of pub- lications trying to reach this aim, but no compilation of important methods and solution strategies. The aim of this thesis is to fill this gap: it gives an introductory overview over important techniques by analyzing four current (2012) publications in detail. They are chosen such, that during their analysis many frequently used techniques for Human Pose Estimation can be explained. The thesis includes two introductory chapters with a definition of Human Pose Estimation and exploration of the main difficulties, as well as a detailed explanation of frequently used methods. A final chapter presents some ideas on how parts of the analyzed approaches can be recombined and shows some open questions that can be tackled in future work. The thesis is therefore a good entry point to the field of Human Pose Estimation and enables the reader to get an impression of the current state-of-the-art.

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pdf [BibTex]

pdf [BibTex]


Bilinear Spatiotemporal Basis Models
Bilinear Spatiotemporal Basis Models

Akhter, I., Simon, T., Khan, S., Matthews, I., Sheikh, Y.

ACM Transactions on Graphics (TOG), 31(2):17, ACM, April 2012 (article)

Abstract
A variety of dynamic objects, such as faces, bodies, and cloth, are represented in computer graphics as a collection of moving spatial landmarks. Spatiotemporal data is inherent in a number of graphics applications including animation, simulation, and object and camera tracking. The principal modes of variation in the spatial geometry of objects are typically modeled using dimensionality reduction techniques, while concurrently, trajectory representations like splines and autoregressive models are widely used to exploit the temporal regularity of deformation. In this article, we present the bilinear spatiotemporal basis as a model that simultaneously exploits spatial and temporal regularity while maintaining the ability to generalize well to new sequences. This factorization allows the use of analytical, predefined functions to represent temporal variation (e.g., B-Splines or the Discrete Cosine Transform) resulting in efficient model representation and estimation. The model can be interpreted as representing the data as a linear combination of spatiotemporal sequences consisting of shape modes oscillating over time at key frequencies. We apply the bilinear model to natural spatiotemporal phenomena, including face, body, and cloth motion data, and compare it in terms of compaction, generalization ability, predictive precision, and efficiency to existing models. We demonstrate the application of the model to a number of graphics tasks including labeling, gap-filling, denoising, and motion touch-up.

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pdf project page link (url) [BibTex]

pdf project page link (url) [BibTex]


Fourier-transform photocurrent spectroscopy using a supercontinuum light source
Fourier-transform photocurrent spectroscopy using a supercontinuum light source

Petermann, C., Beigang, R., Fischer, P.

APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 100(6), 2012 (article)

Abstract
We demonstrate an implementation of frequency-encoded photocurrent spectroscopy using a super-continuum light source. The spectrally broad light is spatially dispersed and modulated with a special mechanical chopper design that permits a continuous wavelength-dependent modulation. After recombination, the light beam contains a frequency encoded spectrum which enables us to map the spectral response of a given sample in 60 ms and with a lateral resolution of 10 mu m. (C) 2012 American Institute of Physics.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


Eine neue Form von Cavity Enhanced Absorption Spectroscopy
Eine neue Form von Cavity Enhanced Absorption Spectroscopy

Petermann, C., Fischer, P.

DE Gruyter, 79(1), 2012, Best paper award OPTO 2011 (article)

Abstract
Wir stellen eine Kopplungsmethode für resonatorgestützte Absorptionsmessungen vor, bei der Licht durch einen im Resonator platzierten akustooptischen Modulator aktiv ein- und ausgekoppelt wird. Dies ermöglicht es Cavity-Ring-Down-Spektroskopie (CRDS) mit breitbandigen und zeitlich inkohärenten Lichtquellen niedriger spektraler Leistungsdichte durchzuführen. Das Verfahren wird zum ersten Mal mit einer breitbandigen Superkontinuum-Quelle demonstriert.

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A new coupling scheme for cavity enhanced absorption spectroscopy makes use of an intracavity acousto-optical modulator to actively switch light into (and out of) a resonator. This allows cavity ringdown spectroscopy (CRDS) to be implemented with broadband temporally incoherent light sources with low spectral power densities. The method is demonstrated for the first time using a broadband supercontinuum source. Best paper award OPTO 2011.

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


A metric for comparing the anthropomorphic motion capability of artificial hands
A metric for comparing the anthropomorphic motion capability of artificial hands

Feix, T., Romero, J., Ek, C. H., Schmiedmayer, H., Kragic, D.

IEEE RAS Transactions on Robotics, TRO, pages: 974-980, 2012 (article)

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Publisher site Human Grasping Database Project [BibTex]

Publisher site Human Grasping Database Project [BibTex]


The Ankyrin 3 (ANK3) Bipolar Disorder Gene Regulates Psychiatric-related Behaviors that are Modulated by Lithium and Stress
The Ankyrin 3 (ANK3) Bipolar Disorder Gene Regulates Psychiatric-related Behaviors that are Modulated by Lithium and Stress

Leussis, M., Berry-Scott, E., Saito, M., Jhuang, H., Haan, G., Alkan, O., Luce, C., Madison, J., Sklar, P., Serre, T., Root, D., Petryshen, T.

Biological Psychiatry , 2012 (article)

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Prepublication Article Abstract [BibTex]

Prepublication Article Abstract [BibTex]


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Wasserstoffspeicherkapazität poröser Materialien in Kryoadsorptionstanks

Schlichtenmayer, M.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2012 (phdthesis)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Vortex dynamics in nonparabolic potentials

Langner, H. H., Kamionka, T., Martens, M., Weigand, M., Adolff, C. F., Merkt, U., Meier, G.

{Physical Review B}, 85(17), 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Micromagnetic simulations on GPU, a case study: Vortex core switcing by high-frequency magnetic fields

Van de Wiele, B, Vansteenkiste, A., Kammerer, M., Van Waeyenberge, B., Dupré, L., De Zutter, D.

{IEEE Transactions on Magnetics}, 48(6):2068-2072, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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On the energetics of transversal and longitudinal fluctuations of atomic magnetic moments

Dietermann, F., Sandratskii, L. M., Fähnle, M.

{Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials}, 324(18):2693-2695, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Gradual softening of Al-Zn alloys during high-pressure torsion

Mazilkin, A. A., Straumal, B. B., Borodachenkova, M. V., Valiev, R. Z., Kogtenkova, O. A., Baretzky, B.

{Materials Letters}, 84, pages: 63-65, North-Holland, Amsterdam, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Direct imaging of phase relation in a pair of coupled vortex oscillators

Vogel, A., Drews, A., Weigand, M., Meier, G.

{AIP Advances}, 2, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Behandlung stark nichtkollinearer Magnetisierungsstrukturen mit der Spin-Cluster-Entwicklung

Dietermann, F.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2012 (phdthesis)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Accurate dosimetry in scanning transmission X-ray microscopes via the cross-linking threshold dose of poly(methyl methacrylate)

Leontowich, A. F. G., Hitchcock, A. P., Tyliszczak, T., Weigand, M., Wang, J., Karunakaran, C.

{Journal of Synchrotron Radiation}, 19(6):976-987, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Biogenic potassium salt particles as seeds for secondary organic aerosal in the amazon

Pöhlker, C., Wiedemann, K. T., Sinha, B., Shiraiwa, M., Gunthe, S. S., Smith, M., Su, H., Artaxo, P., Chen, Q., Cheng, Y., Elbert, W., Gilles, M. K., Kilcoyne, A. L. D., Moffet, R. C., Weigand, M., Martin, S. T., Pöschl, U., Andreae, M. O.

{Science}, 337, pages: 1075-1078, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Metal@COFs: Covalent organic frameworks as templates for Pd nanoparticles and hydrogen storage properties of Pd@COF-102 hybrid material

Kalidindi, S. B., Oh, H., Hirscher, M., Esken, D., Wiktor, C., Turner, S., Van Tendeloo, G., Fischer, R. A.

{Chemistry-a European Journal}, 18(35):10848-10856, VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, Weinheim, Germany, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Ion beam lithography for direct patterning of high accuracy large area X-ray elements in gold on membranes

Nadzeyka, A., Peto, L., Bauerdick, S., Mayer, M., Keskinbora, K., Grévent, C., Weigand, M., Hirscher, M., Schütz, G.

{Microelectronic Engineering}, 98, pages: 198-201, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Micro- and nanoscale fluid flow on chemical channels

Dörfler, Fabian, Rauscher, Markus, Koplik, Joel, Harting, Jens, Dietrich, S.

{Soft Matter}, 8(35):9221-9234, 2012 (article)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Spinwelleninduziertes Schalten magnetischer Vortexkerne

Kammerer, M.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2012 (phdthesis)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Novel characterization of the adsorption sites in large pore Metal-Organic Frameworks: Combination of X-ray powder diffraction and thermal desorption spectroscopy

Soleimani Dorcheh, A., Dinnebier, R. E., Kuc, A., Magdysyuk, O., Adams, F., Denysenko, D., Heine, T., Volkmer, D., Donner, W., Hirscher, M.

{Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics}, 14(37):12892-12897, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Tunnel contacts for spin injection into silicon: The Si-Co interface with and without a MgO tunnel barrier - A study by high-resolution Rutherford backscattering

Dash, S. P., Goll, D., Kopold, P., Carstanjen, H. D.

{Advances in Materials Science and Engineering}, 2012, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Fast spin-wave-mediated magnetic vortex core reversal

Kammerer, M., Stoll, H., Noske, M., Sproll, M., Weigand, M., Illg, C., Woltersdorf, G., Fähnle, M., Back, C., Schütz, G.

{Physical Review B}, 86(13), 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Deformation-driven formation of equilibrium phases in the Cu-Ni alloys

Straumal, B. B., Protasova, S. G., Mazilkin, A. A., Rabkin, E., Goll, D., Schütz, G., Baretzky, B., Valiev, R. Z.

{Journal of Materials Science}, 47, pages: 360-367, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Nanosponges for hydrogen storage

Schlichtenmayer, M., Hirscher, M.

{Journal of Materials Chemistry}, 22, pages: 10134-10143, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Magnetic and electronic properties of the interface between half metallic Fe3O4 and semiconducting ZnO

Brück, S., Paul, M., Tian, H., Müller, A., Kufer, D., Praetorius, C., Fauth, K., Audehm, P., Goering, E., Verbeeck, J., Van Tendeloo, G., Sing, M., Claessen, R.

{Applied Physics Letters}, 100, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Amorphous interlayers between crystalline grains in ferromagnetic ZnO films

Straumal, B. B., Protasova, S. G., Mazilkin, A. A., Baretzky, B., Myatiev, A. A., Straumal, P. B., Tietze, T., Schütz, G., Goering, E.

{Materials Letters}, 71, pages: 21-24, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Die Stabilität des stromtragenden Zustands in MgB2 Schichten mit modifizierter Mikrostruktur

Treiber, S.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2012 (phdthesis)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Accelerated diffusion and phase transformations in Co-Cu alloys driven by the severe plastic deformation

Straumal, B. B., Mazilkin, A. A., Baretzky, B., Schütz, G., Rabkin, E., Valiev, R. Z.

{Special Issue on Advanced Materials Science in Bulk Nanostructured Metals}, 53(1):63-71, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Unusual flux jumps above 12 K in non-homogeneous MgB2 thin films

Treiber, S., Stahl, C., Schütz, G., Albrecht, J.

{Superconductor Science \& Technology}, 25, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Ferromagnetism of nanostructured zinc oxide films

Straumal, B. B., Mazilkin, A. A., Protasova, S. G., Straumal, P. B., Myatiev, A. A., Schütz, G., Goering, E., Baretzky, B.

{The Physics of Metals and Metallography}, 113(13):1244-1256, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Frequencies and polarization vectors of phonons: Results from force constants which are fitted to experimental data or calculated ab initio

Illg, C., Meyer, B., Fähnle, M.

{Physical Review B}, 86(17), Published by the American Physical Society through the American Institute of Physics, Woodbury, NY, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Grain boundary wetting by a second solid phase in the Zr-Nb alloys

Straumal, B. B., Gornakova, A. S., Kucheev, Y. O., Baretzky, B., Nekrasov, A. N.

{Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance}, 21(5):721-724, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Grain boundary wetting in the NdFeB-based hard magnetic alloys

Straumal, B. B., Kucheev, Y. O., Yatskovskaya, I. L., Mogilnikova, I. V., Schütz, G., Nekrasov, A. N., Baretzky, B.

{Journal of Materials Science}, 47(24):8352-8359, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


Natural Metrics and Least-Committed Priors for Articulated Tracking
Natural Metrics and Least-Committed Priors for Articulated Tracking

Soren Hauberg, Stefan Sommer, Kim S. Pedersen

Image and Vision Computing, 30(6-7):453-461, Elsevier, 2012 (article)

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Publishers site Code PDF [BibTex]

Publishers site Code PDF [BibTex]


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Hartmagnetische L10-FePt basierte gro\ssflächige Nanomuster mittels Nanoimprint-Lithografie

Bublat, T.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2012 (phdthesis)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Magnetic proximity effect in YBa2Cu3O7 / La2/3Ca1/3MnO3 and YBa2Cu3O7 / LaMnO3+δsuperlattices

Satapathy, D. K., Uribe-Laverde, M. A., Marozau, I., Malik, V. K., Das, S., Wagner, T., Marcelot, C., Stahn, J., Brück, S., Rühm, A., Macke, S., Tietze, T., Goering, E., Frañó, A., Kim, J., Wu, M., Benckiser, E., Keimer, B., Devishvili, A., Toperverg, B. P., Merz, M., Nagel, P., Schuppler, S., Bernhard, C.

{Physical Review Letters}, 108, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Noble gases and microporous frameworks; from interaction to application

Soleimani Dorcheh, A., Denysenko, D., Volkmer, D., Donner, W., Hirscher, M.

{Microporous and Mesoporous Materials}, 162, pages: 64-68, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2012 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]