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2012


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Model Learning and Real-Time Tracking Using Multi-Resolution Surfel Maps

Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI), 2012 (conference)

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link (url) [BibTex]

2012


link (url) [BibTex]


Development of a Minimalistic Pneumatic Quadruped Robot for Fast Locomotion
Development of a Minimalistic Pneumatic Quadruped Robot for Fast Locomotion

Narioka, K., Rosendo, A., Spröwitz, A., Hosoda, K.

In Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetics (ROBIO), 2012, pages: 307-311, IEEE, Guangzhou, 2012 (inproceedings)

Abstract
In this paper, we describe the development of the quadruped robot ”Ken” with the minimalistic and lightweight body design for achieving fast locomotion. We use McKibben pneumatic artificial muscles as actuators, providing high frequency and wide stride motion of limbs, also avoiding problems with overheating. We conducted a preliminary experiment, finding out that the robot can swing its limb over 7.5 Hz without amplitude reduction, nor heat problems. Moreover, the robot realized a several steps of bouncing gait by using simple CPG-based open loop controller, indicating that the robot can generate enough torque to kick the ground and limb contraction to avoid stumbling.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


Locomotion through Reconfiguration based on Motor Primitives for Roombots Self-Reconfigurable Modular Robots
Locomotion through Reconfiguration based on Motor Primitives for Roombots Self-Reconfigurable Modular Robots

Bonardi, S., Moeckel, R., Spröwitz, A., Vespignani, M., Ijspeert, A. J.

In Robotics; Proceedings of ROBOTIK 2012; 7th German Conference on, pages: 1-6, 2012 (inproceedings)

Abstract
We present the hardware and reconfiguration experiments for an autonomous self-reconfigurable modular robot called Roombots (RB). RB were designed to form the basis for self-reconfigurable furniture. Each RB module contains three degrees of freedom that have been carefully selected to allow a single module to reach any position on a 2-dimensional grid and to overcome concave corners in a 3-dimensional grid. For the first time we demonstrate locomotion capabilities of single RB modules through reconfiguration with real hardware. The locomotion through reconfiguration is controlled by a planner combining the well-known D* algorithm and composed motor primitives. The novelty of our approach is the use of an online running hierarchical planner closely linked to the real hardware.

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Bayesian calibration of the hand-eye kinematics of an anthropomorphic robot

Hubert, U., Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the 12th IEEE-RAS Int. Conf. on Humanoid Robots (Humanoids), pages: 618-624, November 2012 (inproceedings)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Shape-Primitive Based Object Recognition and Grasping

Nieuwenhuisen, M., Stueckler, J., Berner, A., Klein, R., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of ROBOTIK, VDE-Verlag, 2012 (inproceedings)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Semantic mapping using object-class segmentation of RGB-D images

Stueckler, J., Biresev, N., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the IEEE/RSJ Int. Conf. on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), pages: 3005-3010, October 2012 (inproceedings)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Efficient Mobile Robot Navigation using 3D Surfel Grid Maps

Kläß, J., Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of ROBOTIK, VDE-Verlag, 2012 (inproceedings)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Integrating depth and color cues for dense multi-resolution scene mapping using RGB-D cameras

Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the IEEE Int. Conf. on Multisensor Fusion and Integration for Intelligent Systems (MFI), pages: 162-167, sep 2012 (inproceedings)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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SURE: Surface Entropy for Distinctive 3D Features

Fiolka, T., Stueckler, J., Klein, D. A., Schulz, D., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of Spatial Cognition, 2012 (inproceedings)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Robust Real-Time Registration of RGB-D Images using Multi-Resolution Surfel Representations

Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of ROBOTIK, VDE-Verlag, 2012 (inproceedings)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Adjustable autonomy for mobile teleoperation of personal service robots

Muszynski, S., Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the IEEE Int. Symp. on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, pages: 933-940, sep 2012 (inproceedings)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Adaptive Multi-cue 3D Tracking of Arbitrary Objects

Garcia, G. M., Klein, D. A., Stueckler, J., Frintrop, S., Cremers, A. B.

In DAGM/OAGM Symposium, 7476, pages: 357-366, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, 2012 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]

2011


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Following human guidance to cooperatively carry a large object

Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the 11th IEEE-RAS Int. Conf. on Humanoid Robots (Humanoids), pages: 218-223, October 2011 (inproceedings)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

2011


link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Real-Time 3D Perception and Efficient Grasp Planning for Everyday Manipulation Tasks.

Stueckler, J., Steffens, R., Holz, D., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the European Conf. on Mobile Robots (ECMR), pages: 177-182, 2011 (inproceedings)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Towards joint attention for a domestic service robot - person awareness and gesture recognition using Time-of-Flight cameras

Droeschel, D., Stueckler, J., Holz, D., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pages: 1205-1210, May 2011 (inproceedings)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Compliant Task-Space Control with Back-Drivable Servo Actuators

Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In RoboCup, 7416, pages: 78-89, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, 2011 (inproceedings)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Interest point detection in depth images through scale-space surface analysis

Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pages: 3568-3574, May 2011 (inproceedings)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Learning to Interpret Pointing Gestures with a Time-of-flight Camera

Droeschel, D., Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Human-robot Interaction, pages: 481-488, ACM, 2011 (inproceedings)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Efficient Multi-resolution Plane Segmentation of 3D Point Clouds

Oehler, B., Stueckler, J., Welle, J., Schulz, D., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the Int. Conf. on Intelligent Robotics and Applications (ICIRA), 7102, pages: 145-156, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2011 (inproceedings)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]

2010


Graph signature for self-reconfiguration planning of modules with symmetry
Graph signature for self-reconfiguration planning of modules with symmetry

Asadpour, M., Ashtiani, M. H. Z., Spröwitz, A., Ijspeert, A. J.

In Proceedings of the 2009 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, pages: 5295-5300, IEEE, St. Louis, MO, 2010 (inproceedings)

Abstract
In our previous works we had developed a framework for self-reconfiguration planning based on graph signature and graph edit-distance. The graph signature is a fast isomorphism test between different configurations and the graph edit-distance is a similarity metric. But the algorithm is not suitable for modules with symmetry. In this paper we improve the algorithm in order to deal with symmetric modules. Also, we present a new heuristic function to guide the search strategy by penalizing the solutions with more number of actions. The simulation results show the new algorithm not only deals with symmetric modules successfully but also finds better solutions in a shorter time.

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DOI [BibTex]

2010


DOI [BibTex]


Roombots - Towards decentralized reconfiguration with self-reconfiguring modular robotic metamodules
Roombots - Towards decentralized reconfiguration with self-reconfiguring modular robotic metamodules

Spröwitz, A., Laprade, P., Bonardi, S., Mayer, M., Moeckel, R., Mudry, P., Ijspeert, A. J.

In Proceedings of the 2010 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), pages: 1126-1132, IEEE, Taipeh, 2010 (inproceedings)

Abstract
This paper presents our work towards a decentralized reconfiguration strategy for self-reconfiguring modular robots, assembling furniture-like structures from Roombots (RB) metamodules. We explore how reconfiguration by loco- motion from a configuration A to a configuration B can be controlled in a distributed fashion. This is done using Roombots metamodules—two Roombots modules connected serially—that use broadcast signals, lookup tables of their movement space, assumptions about their neighborhood, and connections to a structured surface to collectively build desired structures without the need of a centralized planner.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


Automatic Gait Generation in Modular Robots: to Oscillate or to Rotate? that is the question
Automatic Gait Generation in Modular Robots: to Oscillate or to Rotate? that is the question

Pouya, S., van den Kieboom, J., Spröwitz, A., Ijspeert, A. J.

In Proceedings of the 2010 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), pages: 514-520, IEEE, Taipei, 2010 (inproceedings)

Abstract
Modular robots offer the possibility to design robots with a high diversity of shapes and functionalities. This nice feature also brings an important challenge: namely how to design efficient locomotion gaits for arbitrary robot structures with many degrees of freedom. In this paper, we present a framework that allows one to explore and identify highly different gaits for a given arbitrary- shaped modular robot. We use simulated robots made of several Roombots modules that have three rotational joints each. These modules have the interesting feature that they can produce both oscillatory movements (i.e. periodic movements around a rest position) and rotational movements (i.e. with continuously increasing angle), leading to very rich locomotion patterns. Here we ask ourselves which types of movements —purely oscillatory, purely rotational, or a combination of both— lead to the fastest gaits. To address this question we designed a control architecture based on a distributed system of coupled phase oscillators that can produce synchronized rotations and oscillations in many degrees of freedom. We also designed a specific optimization algorithm that can automatically design hybrid controllers, i.e. controllers that use oscillations in some joints and rotations in others, for fast gaits. The proposed framework is verified by multiple simulations for several robot morphologies. The results show that (i) the question whether it is better to oscillate or to rotate depends on the morphology of the robot, and that in general it is best to do both, (ii) the optimization framework can successfully generate hybrid controllers that outperform purely oscillatory and purely rotational ones, and (iii) the resulting gaits are fast, innovative, and would have been hard to design by hand.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


Roombots: Design and Implementation of a Modular Robot for Reconfiguration and Locomotion
Roombots: Design and Implementation of a Modular Robot for Reconfiguration and Locomotion

Spröwitz, A.

EPFL, Lausanne, Lausanne, 2010 (phdthesis)

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DOI [BibTex]


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Combining depth and color cues for scale- and viewpoint-invariant object segmentation and recognition using Random Forests

Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the IEEE/RSJ Int. Conf. on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), pages: 4566-4571, October 2010 (inproceedings)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Intuitive Multimodal Interaction for Domestic Service Robots

Nieuwenhuisen, M., Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the ISR/ROBOTIK, VDE Verlag, 2010 (inproceedings)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Improving People Awareness of Service Robots by Semantic Scene Knowledge

Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In RobuCup, 6556, pages: 157-168, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, 2010 (inproceedings)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Towards Semantic Scene Analysis with Time-of-flight Cameras

Holz, D., Schnabel, R., Droeschel, D., Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In RobuCup, 6556, pages: 121-132, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, 2010 (inproceedings)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Utilizing the Structure of Field Lines for Efficient Soccer Robot Localization

Schulz, H., Liu, W., Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In RobuCup, 6556, pages: 397-408, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, 2010 (inproceedings)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Improving indoor navigation of autonomous robots by an explicit representation of doors

Nieuwenhuisen, M., Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pages: 4895-4901, May 2010 (inproceedings)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Improving imitated grasping motions through interactive expected deviation learning

Gräve, K., Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the 10th IEEE-RAS Int. Conf. on Humanoid Robots (Humanoids), pages: 397-404, December 2010 (inproceedings)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Learning Motion Skills from Expert Demonstrations and Own Experience using Gaussian Process Regression

Gräve, K., Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the ISR/ROBOTIK, pages: 1-8, VDE Verlag, 2010 (inproceedings)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Using Time-of-Flight cameras with active gaze control for 3D collision avoidance

Droeschel, D., Holz, D., Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pages: 4035-4040, May 2010 (inproceedings)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]

2009


Roombots-mechanical design of self-reconfiguring modular robots for adaptive furniture
Roombots-mechanical design of self-reconfiguring modular robots for adaptive furniture

Spröwitz, A., Billard, A., Dillenbourg, P., Ijspeert, A. J.

In Proceedings of the 2009 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pages: 4259-4264, IEEE, Kobe, 2009 (inproceedings)

Abstract
We aim at merging technologies from information technology, roomware, and robotics in order to design adaptive and intelligent furniture. This paper presents design principles for our modular robots, called Roombots, as future building blocks for furniture that moves and self-reconfigures. The reconfiguration is done using dynamic connection and disconnection of modules and rotations of the degrees of freedom. We are furthermore interested in applying Roombots towards adaptive behaviour, such as online learning of locomotion patterns. To create coordinated and efficient gait patterns, we use a Central Pattern Generator (CPG) approach, which can easily be optimized by any gradient-free optimization algorithm. To provide a hardware framework we present the mechanical design of the Roombots modules and an active connection mechanism based on physical latches. Further we discuss the application of our Roombots modules as pieces of a homogenic or heterogenic mix of building blocks for static structures.

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DOI [BibTex]

2009


DOI [BibTex]


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Integrating indoor mobility, object manipulation, and intuitive interaction for domestic service tasks

Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the IEEE-RAS Int. Conf. on Humanoid Robots (Humanoids), pages: 506-513, December 2009 (inproceedings)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Dynamaid, an Anthropomorphic Robot for Research on Domestic Service Applications

Stueckler, J., Schreiber, M., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the European Conference on Mobile Robots (ECMR), pages: 87-92, 2009 (inproceedings)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]

2004


Simple and low-cost compliant leg-foot system
Simple and low-cost compliant leg-foot system

Meyer, F., Spröwitz, A., Lungarella, M., Berthouze, L.

In Proceedings of the IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2004), 1, pages: 515-520, IEEE, Sendai, Japan, 2004 (inproceedings)

Abstract
We present the design of a simple and low- cost humanoid leg-foot system featuring compliant joints and springy feet. The mechanical compliance of the individual joints can be adjusted by means of visco-elastic material, or metal. To explore some of the relevant characteristics of the proposed system, we performed a series of experiments in which the leg was dropped from a fixed height. Combinations of different materials in the joints (silicone rubber, latex, and brass) as well as a rigid or a compliant foot were used. Additional data were obtained through of a Lagrangian analysis of the leg-foot system. Our analyses show that compliant joints not only reduce impactive forces, but also induce smoother joint trajectories. Further, by employing a compliant foot, a higher energy efficiency for the movement is achieved.

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DOI [BibTex]

2004


DOI [BibTex]